Gambia had being reduced to reserve in December 1960 and Ceylon and Newfoundland sold to Peru a year earlier. You can order records in advance to be ready for you when you visit Kew. Fiji was then assigned to Force H where she helped to escort convoys t… That afternoon, Cunningham ordered the cruisers to disperse into their original groups and search for any troop convoys in the Aegean. Cunningham, Section 1, paragraph 8, and Section 2, paragraphs 30-35. They included the Fiji and Ceylon sub-classes. Scale 1:96. These were designed from the first with no provision for 'X' turret, or for carrying air- craft. A few of the other island destinations you may visit on the way to and from Fiji are the Bay of Islands in New Zealand, Apia in Samoa, Pago Pago in American Samoa, and Vavau and Nuku’alofa in Tonga.  The torpedo hit abreast the forward boiler room and most of the force of the detonation escaped up the forward funnel, but the boiler room and an adjacent compartment flooded, reducing her speed to 11 knots (20 km/h; 13 mph). , On 30 May 1941, in a letter to the First Sea Lord, Sir Dudley Pound, Cunningham wrote, "The sending back of Gloucester and Fiji to Greyhound was another grave error and cost us those two ships. Britains initial reply was the eight ships of the Southampton Class, carrying twelve 6-inch in triple turrets. Laid down in 1941-42, the three cruisers of the Tiger class were originally to have been sister ships to Superb, an improved variant of the Swiftsure class cruisers (also known as the Minotaur class), a modified version of the Crown Colony class cruisers, but their construction was slowed down.Finally, the ships were launched … HMS Fiji was the lead ship of the Fiji-class light cruisers built for the Royal Navy shortly before the Second World War. ", Following the loss of both Fiji and Gloucester to air attacks after their anti-aircraft ammunition was exhausted, all British cruisers were instructed to not allow their anti-aircraft ammunition reserves to fall below 40%. The addition of radar sets meant that the aircraft were now surplus to requirements, allowing the removal of the aircraft and catapult. Because of the rapid collapse of the naval treaty system, the Fijis were the only cruisers actually built by any power to confirm to the short-lived 8000 ton limit. She closed on Gloucester at 15:50, right when that ship was struck by four bombs and was near-missed by three others. Date made: April 1937 Leave the tourist trail behind and experience the ‘real Fiji’ on a Captain Cook Cruises adventure and discovery small ship cruise. She was initially assigned to the Home Fleet. The Fiji class were a direct response to the Second London Naval Treaty of 1937, which mandated a displacement limit for cruisers of 8000 tons. The ship was launched on 31 May 1939 and completed on 5 May 1940. Operating with Mediterranean Fleet against sea-borne invasion of Crete. Abandon ship was ordered in the face of the uncontrollable flooding and she capsized around 19:30. Fiji Courses are intended to be taken by those wishing to further their personal development.  On 31 August 1940 she sailed for the African Atlantic coast to take part in Operation Menace, the attack on Dakar, but before she could join the taskforce, Fiji was damaged by a torpedo from the German submarine U-32 on 1 September and had to return to Britain for repairs, which lasted for the next six months. A modified version of the Fiji class incorporating war modifications and authorised in 1941, but, in spite of the heavy toll of cruisers in that year and the following one, the building of this new class had a relatively low priority and only three were completed by the war's end. For information about how to add references, see Template:Citation. This cannot be said of the last Colony class cruisers, which were seriously deteriorating due to being in an unmaintained extended reserve status many years before the last ship; HMS Gambia, was sold for scrap in 1968. Completed in mid-1940, she was initially assigned to the Home Fleet and was detached to escort a force tasked to force French West Africa to join the Free French. Fiji Class Light Cruiser. These two ships were decommissioned by 1982. The Colony class cruisers however like the following Minotaurs, essentially fit the same armament on a 1,000 ton less displacement and the Colony class and the follow on Swiftsure were very tight designs, built largely in war emergency conditions with little margin for any great updating postwar. Enjoy the best of Fiji with one of our Discovery 3-11 Night Fiji Small Ship Cruises. The ship was torpedoed en route and required six months to be repaired. See the instructions for more information. For information about how to add references, see, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2014, Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, 21 in (533 mm) tubes for torpedoes Mark IX, Ships of the Royal Navy: The Complete Record of all Fighting Ships of the Royal Navy, Gunnery Layout of "Mauritius" Class Cruiser. In the 1950's (except during the Korean war and Suez operation) no more than one of the MKXIII turrets was ever manned, with B and Y turrets mothballed due to the huge manning requirements of the turrets. Enjoy popular shore excursions such as a lagoon cruise or scuba diving. Note: This category should be empty. The first eight are number But the Cruisers in Tier V is just a home for far too many easy to crush Cruisers. Dimensions, machinery and performance.  The ships' complement was 733 officers and ratings in peacetime and 900 during war. Members can share info about their experiences cruising Fiji. She was the first of the Class enter service after completion on 17th May 1940. In Kenya, all pom-poms were removed, and were replaced with 5 twin and 8 single 40 mm /60 Bofors A/A. Due to the size of the Crown Colony class, a number of the ships had their 'X' turret removed to allow the shipping of additional light anti-aircraft guns. The ‘Dido’ class of British light anti-aircraft cruisers comprised 11 ships (three built by Cammell Laird, two by Scotts, two by Hawthorn Leslie, and single ships by Fairfield, Stephen, Chatham Dockyard and Portsmouth Dockyard), and there were also five generally similar ships of the ‘Bellona’ class, sometimes considered a sub-class of the ‘Dido’ class… Force B, Fiji and the light cruiser Gloucester were tasked to patrol west of the island. , British intelligence anticipated that the Germans would attack the island of Crete on 17 May and Admiral Andrew Cunningham, commander of the Mediterranean Fleet, ordered his ships to sea on the 15th. Fiji and Kenya never received the catapult, Nigeria had hers removed in 1941 and the other ships had theirs removed between 1942 and 1944. By 15:30, while attempting to rejoin Force A1, Fiji had exhausted its supply of four-inch anti-aircraft ammunition and was reduced to firing practice rounds. Armour protection was greatly increased with a 3 to 4-inch belt. Both groups used the Admiralty Fire Control Table for surface fire control of the main armament and the Admiralty Fire Control Clock for surface fire control of the secondary armament. Subcategories. The long turret version of the triple 6 inch gun fitted to the Colony class were 25 tons heavier than the 150 ton turret on the Group 1 & 2 Towns and further cramped the design.  The Fiji class carried enough fuel oil to give them a range of 6,520 nautical miles (12,080 km; 7,500 mi) at 13 knots (24 km/h; 15 mph). She missed the homeward-bound heavy cruiser Admiral Scheer on 26â27 March, and in early April she was reassigned to Force H at Gibraltar to blockade the German heavy ships then stationed at Brest. You can order records in advance to … These were the Town-class Gloucester and Southampton, and the Colony-class Fiji and Trinidad.  While under repair was fitted with a Type 284 gunnery radar and another pair of quadruple Vickers 0.50-inch AA machineguns were added. The Germans spotted Force B shortly after dawn on 22 May as the cruisers were steaming south to rendezvous with the battleships again. Sheffield and Belfast were in semi maintained reserved, and were probably capable of reactivation as late as 1964-66. Catalogue description FIJI class cruisers: EHP with stern extensions Ordering and viewing options This record has not been digitised and cannot be downloaded.  Fiji had a metacentric height of 3.4 feet (1.0 m) at deep load. chippy. Language; Watch; Edit; This category is located at Category:Crown Colony-class cruisers of the Royal Navy. Category:Fiji-class cruisers. “ Gabby arrived early and took my wife and I on a tour around Nadi, starting with the Hindu Temple, Nadi Town for shopping, fruits Market, Garden of … These ships would been altered for water sprays to wash off nuclear fallout and received the 960 standard long range air search. The ships rendezvoused the following morning and German air attacks began a few hours later, although with little effect other than to help exhaust the ships' anti-aircraft ammunition. The ship was heavily used from the time of her transfer until the late 1970's, but then converted to a harbour traning ship by 1979. B., The Battle of Crete, Despatch to the Lord Commissioners of the Admiralty, 4 August 1941", Ships of the Royal Navy: The Complete Record of all Fighting Ships of the Royal Navy, The True Experiences of Mr Leonard Charles, a crewman aboard the ship, Shipwrecks and maritime incidents in May 1941, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=HMS_Fiji_(58)&oldid=1000089794, Crown Colony-class cruisers of the Royal Navy, World War II cruisers of the United Kingdom, World War II shipwrecks in the Mediterranean Sea, Ships sunk by aircraft during the Battle of Crete, Pages containing London Gazette template with parameter supp set to y, Mediterranean articles missing geocoordinate data, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 13 January 2021, at 14:41. They had an overall length of 555 feet 6 inches (169.3 m), a beam of 62 feet (18.9 m) and a draught of 19 feet 10 inches (6 m). Fiji dropped life rafts, but was forced to depart the area with the two destroyers. HMS Uganda (66) ( To the Royal Canadian Navy as HMCS Uganda) 12 Light cruisers (13 names) of the Fiji class . FIJI or Colony-Class cruiser ordered from John Brown of Clydebank en 20th December 1937 in the 1937 Build Programme.  She was the first of the Fiji class to enter service (Royal Navy classes were generally named after the lead ship of a class). The Fiji-class ships displaced 8,530 long tons (8,670 t) at standard load and 10,724 long tons (10,896 t) at deep load. After the war, the ship continued in service, seeing much of the world, and receiving a number of refits which helped her last until her decom… Fiji has more guns, better shells, and Emerald's made of citadels. The Crown Colonys were instantly recognisable as they had a transom stern and straight funnels and masts; those of the Towns being raked. The 6 inch Mk XXIII turrets and ammunition spaces were laid out as per the Edinburgh group of the Town class, except the after turrets were a deck lower as in the Southampton and Gloucester groups. Blue Star. Full wartime service history on this vessel. Date made: April 1937 Project history: Occurrence of Colony class became one of consequences of London conference in 1936, limited displacement of newly designed cruisers by 8000t. The Crown Colony - class cruisers were a class of light cruisers of the Royal Navy named after Crown Colonies of the British Empire. Anti-aircraft defence was provided by two quadruple 2-pounder (1.6 in (40 mm)) ("pom-poms") AA guns and two quadruple mounts for Vickers 0.5-inch (12.7 mm) AA machineguns. A group for cruisers & sailors who have, are, or would like to be cruising Fiji waters. A plan showing the profile, decks and sections of a Fiji class light cruiser, illustrating the layout of the armour. HMS Fiji was a Crown Colony-class light cruiser of the Royal Navy, named after the Pacific island group; the Crown colony of Fiji. The turret protection, with 100 mm (4-in.) Based on the Southampton class, but with a reduction in armour and machinery and 35ft shorter to save weight to meet the maximum of 8,000 tons for 6-inch cruisers, imposed at the Second London Naval Treaty in 1936. Mid 1950's refitting to the Ceylon, Gambia and Bermuda was very austere and mainly consisted of increasing automation and the life of the geared steam turbines and reducing manning below decks and simplification of the CIWS to 4-6 twin L/60 Bofors. , Greene & Massignani, pp. Completed in mid-1940, she was initially assigned to the Home Fleet and was detached to escort a force tasked to force French West Africa to join the Free French. She has been the only ship of the Royal Navy to bear the name. Bermuda - Took part in Operation Torch, the landings in North Africa, during WWII, as well as other operations. Writing in despatches after the battle, Cunningham stated that King was unaware of the shortage of anti-aircraft ammunition in Fiji and Gloucester. All ships of the Crown Colony-class were decommissioned from active service with the Royal Navy 1962 and began being sold for scrap, though HMS Bermuda was fully operational during 1961 and sometimes ventured to sea in 1962 as flagship of the reserve fleet. Fiji was lost in 1941, and Trinidad the following year. They were built to the limitations that the Second London Naval Treaty imposed on cruisers, which lowered the Washington limit of 10,000 tons to 8,000 tons, and were at least in external appearance smaller derivatives of the Town-class cruiser. Sail directly from New Zealand on 13-night itineraries that include South Pacific nations such as Fiji and Tonga. By the end of the war, Newfoundland had one and Uganda had 2 American pattern quadruple 40 mm /60 Bofors mounts Mark III and Nigeria had 4 single mounts Mark III. The County-class, HMS London (69), 1945 is a rank V British heavy cruiser with a battle rating of 5.7 (AB/RB/SB). The ship was transferred to the Mediterranean Fleet in early May 1941. A plan showing the body, sheer lines and longitudinal half-breadth of the Fiji class light cruisers. It was introduced in Update 1.97 "Viking Fury". That honour went to Blake, a modified Tiger-class cruiser, which was decommissioned in 1980: the last classic WW2 cruiser design to serve in the Royal Navy. HMS Newfoundland (59) HMS Nigeria (60) HMS Trinidad (46) Lost on 15 May 1942. Even more ironically, four other cruisers generally regarded as "superior" to the Didos in the AA department, were lost to aerial attack (bombs, not torpedoes). Post Sep 28, 2012 #1 2012-09-28T08:19. By the late 1930s the American and Japanese were bringing into service large 6-inch cruisers carrying fifteen guns in triple turrets. They were practically out of ammunition, but even had they been full up I think they would have gone. Please improve this article by adding a reference. The two destroyers having already been ordered to rescue the survivors of the destroyer Greyhound, which had been sunk at 13:50. This article does not contain any citations or references. The Fiji-class cruisers however, like the following Minotaurs, essentially fit the same armament on a 1,000 ton less displacement and the Fiji-class and the follow on Swiftsure were very tight designs, built largely in war emergency conditions with little margin for any great updating postwar. Jamaica took part in a number of operations, including driving off the heavy cruisers Hipper and Lützow in 1942, the sinking of the Scharnhorst in 1943, and escorting carrier air attacks on the Tirpitz in 1944. Hi all Looking for help here, have resurected a conversion from Tiger to HMS Trinidad, using mainly Belfast and some WEM PE. These ships fought on and shot down one attacker and severely damaged two others. 576. Fiji class, 11 ships - 8,000 tons, 33 knots, 12-6in, 730 crew, 1940-43, 2 lost: FIJI (Capt P B R William-Powlett), 22nd May 1941, Eastern Mediterranean, south west of Crete (c34.45N, 23.15E) - by German Me.109 fighter-bomber. The Crown Colony Class Cruisers. Design of Southampton class was revised under these requirements and result was more compact Fiji in which length of hull was by more than 10m shortened at the … Ships of the Fiji group were equipped with the HACS AA fire control system for the secondary armament while the Ceylon group used the Fuze Keeping Clock for AA fire control. 1. There is a tear in the top left corner of the plan. Scale 1:192. These Omissions enabled the forward and after superstructure to be redesigned, Of the cruisers, Ajax had 40%, Orion 38%, Fiji 30%, Dido 25% and Gloucester only 18%. There were many armament changes made to the Fiji class during the war including the addition of 20mm AA guns. Fiji was not hit during these attacks, but was damaged by near misses that knocked out her aft anti-aircraft director. HMS Trinidad (46) Lost on 15 May 1942. , Fiji, the only ship of the Royal Navy to be named after the Crown colony of Fiji, was laid down by John Brown & Company at their Clydebank shipyard on 30 March 1938. Instead of staying at one resort, imagine waking up at a different island each morning without having to unpack or move. The deck over the propulsion machinery spaces and magazines was reinforced to a thickness of 2â3.5 inches (51â89 mm) and the main-gun turrets had only splinter protection 1â2 inches (25â51 mm) thick. B a t t l e H … – 3 class Caledon (1916-17) light cruisers: Of obsolete configuration, they were modernized and quickly assigned to the escort. The 62 ft beam imposing crippling limits. Her accompanying destroyers were unable to rescue any of the crew until after dark when almost all of them were recovered. They also carried two above-water triple torpedo tube mounts for 21-inch (533 mm) torpedoes, one mount on each broadside. Newfoundland received a greater degree of electrical updating, rewiring and more more comprehensive a/a fire control and was the only Colony updated close to the standard planned for the Improved Dido's which were intended for hot war with eventual reboilering, while the Colony class were only refitted for GFS and Colonial patrol and presence. Bermuda, Jamaica and Mauritius had 2 additional quadruple pom-poms added (for a total of five) and between 2 and 4 single pom-poms in powered mountings Mark XV. English: The British Crown Colony class light cruisers of World War II. During the 1950s the larger Towns were usually regarded as more habitable and comfortable in patrolling in the tropics and far east, though they were being retired by and then sold for scrap by 1960, except for Sheffield (being retired from sea-going service in 1958 and maintained as a reserve headquarters ship) and Belfast which stayed in active seaworthy service until 1963. Ajax, Orion and Dido were ordered to return to Alexandria with Glennie's Force D to rearm but Gloucester and Fiji remained with Rawlings' Force A1. Not only did this provide additional accommodation spaces for enlarged wartime crews, but there was no longer the need to carry large quantities of volatile aviation fuel; in 1940, Liverpool had her bows blown off when a torpedo detonated the 5,700 gallons of aviation fuel stored forwards and was out of action for a year. The sides of their boiler and engine rooms and the magazines were protected by 3.25â3.5 inches (83â89 mm) of armour. Nigeria was also sold, to India being renamed INS Mysore. The supply of ammunition to the 4-inch (102 mm) guns was also improved, dispensing with the complicated conveyor system. The Crown Colony-class light cruisers of the Royal Navy were named after Crown Colonies of the British Empire. This category has the following 12 subcategories, out of 12 total. They served with distinction during the Second World War. Full wartime service history on this vessel. Sailing & Cruising in Fiji has 2,037 members. She has been the only ship of the Royal Navy to bear the name. The title of the plan describes it before being named as the Fiji class. This allowed the carriage of additional light A/A weapons, a quadruple QF 2 pdr pom-pom mounting Mark VII generally being carried in 'X' position. chippy. B HMS Bermuda (52) (22 F) C HMS Ceylon (30) (7 F) F HMS Fiji (58) (2 F) G The Ceylon group were completed without 'X' 6 inch turret, and between 1944 and 1945, those of Bermuda, Jamaica, Mauritius and Kenya were also removed. The Commanding Officer of Fiji told me that the air over Gloucester was black with planes. on sides, back, and roofs was also better than on other cruisers with similar displacement (1.25-inch on German cruisers, 1-in, on the British ones, 2-in on Town or Fiji classes, and 3 to 5-in on Brooklyn class). None of them were the last cruisers of the Royal Navy however. Have managed to find loads of photos and have the excellent RN … Fiji was then assigned to Force H where she helped to escort convoys to Malta. Builder. HMS Uganda (66) ( To the Royal Canadian Navy as HMCS Uganda) 11 Light cruisers of the Fiji class . Edge of the plan describes it before being named as the Fiji.! Enter service after the War including the addition of 20mm AA guns War this. 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