when to use present perfect continuous tense

Here's a list of all the present perfect and present perfect continuous exercises. Present Perfect Continuous. Form: Formed by adding “have/has been” to the present participle. However, when students feel like they’ve finally mastered the present perfect, now it’s time to move on to the present perfect continuous. It is frequently used in conjunction … The Present Perfect Continuous tense is used to express continuous, ongoing actions which have already been completed at the time of speaking or writing. Present perfect continuous tense is one of 12 tenses in the English language, and it is used when something started happening in the past and is continuing to happen in the present (source). Present perfect continuous tense video lesson. This action may still be continuing or may have just finished. To make this tense, you need have or had + been + the verb in ing form. Welcome! We use the present perfect: for something that started in the past and continues in the present: They've been married for nearly fifty years. What kinds movies have you been watching recently? The present continuous can also be used to show that an action is going to take place in the near future. https://goo.gl/2r3dBR Click here and get the best resources online to master English grammar and improve your vocabulary with tons of content for FREE! when we are talking about our experience up to the present: I've seen that film before. A question such as "Have you been smoking?" July 3, 2020 Verb Tenses, Sentences in English Grammar The present perfect tense is used to express a past event that has happened at an unspecified time where the exact time is not known and also is not necessarily completed. Emphasis on the duration of the action; He has been repairing the car for 2 hours. The present perfect is formed from the present tense of the verb have and the past participle of a verb. The perfect tenses are formed using a form of the verb ‘have’ with the past participle of the main verb. Need more practice? Get more Perfect English Grammar with our courses. Present Perfect and Present Perfect Continuous, Present Continuous and Present Perfect Continuous, Present Perfect, Past Perfect, Present Perfect Continuous, and Past Perfect Continuous, Present and Past Tenses with Non-Continuous Verbs. Use: Used with unfinished actions; The kids have been playing since morning. The present continuous tense, also known as the present progressive, is one of the most commonly used verb tenses in English. It doesn't matter if the whole action is finished or not. The present perfect continuous tense (also known as the present perfect progressive tense) shows that something started in the past and is continuing at the present time. She started to cry twenty minutes ago. The present perfect continuous tense can serve the following functions: 1. S + have/has + been + V-ing. Present Perfect Continuous Tense. It is used to state an ongoing action that has started at a point in the past. https://goo.gl/2r3dBR Click here and get the best resources online to master English grammar and improve your vocabulary with tons of content for FREE! The present perfect progressive (continuous) is actually easier to understand than the present perfect simple tense. SINCE can only be used with perfect tenses. The present perfect continuous is used when an action needs to be emphasized that started in the past and is still ongoing in the present : “She has been telling stories all day.” “I ’ve been waiting for the bus for 30 minutes now.” The present continuous tense expresses something that is happening at the moment of speaking. We often use the words "lately" or "recently" to emphasize this meaning. This tense is used to show a link between the present and past and is commonly used in everyday conversations, in the news, on … I have been singing different kinds of songs, especially modern. We use this tense in the following conditions: To describe an event that began in the past and is continuing into the future Present perfect continuous tense video lesson. DIALOGUE WITH THE PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE. The result is often something we can see, hear, smell, or feel: Present perfect continuous tense is also used, although the effects of past events still persist. The baby is crying. This time reference specifies that the task has been continued from the past till now. 3: The next use is for habits or things that we do regularly. He/she is interested in the process as well as the result, and this process may still be going on, or may have just finished. There is no time limit for using present perfect continuous tense. NOT: I've been being here for hours. Present Perfect Continuous Tense in English with examples and useful grammar rules. Present perfect tense combines the present tense and the perfect aspect used to express an event that happened in the past that has present consequences. Please contact me if you have any questions or comments. The present perfect is most frequently used to talk about experiences or changes that have taken place, but there are other less common uses as well. Present perfect and past simple 2. 1. : We use it to talk about an activity that has stopped recently. Of course, with stative verbs, we can't use the present perfect continuous. It is possible to insult someone by using this tense incorrectly. Present continuous tense can be used to express something happening right now or to express something that is not happening right now. Indicate an action that began in the past and continues to the present Use the present perfect continuous tense to indicate an action that began in the past and is still happening in the present. The baby has been crying for twenty minutes. Download this explanation in PDF here. October 9, 2017 - Fill in the blanks with an appropriate verb form. In other words, tenses are forms of a verb that makes an indication of … We use both the present perfect simple (have or has + past participle) and the present perfect continuous (have or has + been + -ing form) to talk about past actions or states which are still connected to the present. Read on for detailed descriptions, examples, and present perfect exercises. The present perfect continuous usually emphasizes duration, or the amount of time that an action has been taking place. Present perfect continuous. A time-reference is also used in the sentence to show that when the action started in past or for how long the action continued. wrote . Another use of this tense is when talking about a planned event in the future. Generally, we use the present perfect continuous to talk about that which began in the past and is still happening in the present; the focus is on something that continues to happen, as opposed to something which happened (finished) sometime in the past. The present perfect continuous is used when an action needs to be emphasized that started in the past and is still ongoing in the present : “She has been telling stories all day.” “I ’ve been waiting for the bus for 30 minutes now.” Present perfect continuous tense expresses the action which is occurred in the past, and they proceed in the current situation or maybe in the future. FOR can also be used with the simple past. This tense is also used to express an action in a sentence which begins with ‘For how long’ or ‘Since when’. A time-reference is also used in the sentence to show that when the action started in past or for how long the action continued. In the following example, the verb in the Present Perfect Continuous tense is underlined. The present perfect continuous is used to refer to an unspecified time between 'before now' and 'now'. Using this tense in a question suggests you can see, smell, hear or feel the results of the action. have you known ... We use the perfect continuous when the focus is on the continuity rather than the completion. The Present Perfect Continuous or Progressive tense talks about how long you have been doing something you started in the past and still continue now. Examples of this use include: Shopping online is growing in popularity nowadays. It is formed by using have/has been + present particle (verb+ing): It is considered easy to use and exists in all languages. Present Perfect Continuous Tense. Today, most people are using text messages instead of the phone. You can also combine the perfect and the continuous aspects to create the Present Perfect Continuous tense. It is one that English learners frequently confuse with a similar tense, the present simple. (Focus on continuity) I have planted several new saplings. Usually we use it to say 'how long' and we need 'since' or 'for'. Present Continuous Use (Also called the present progressive tense) Read about how to make the present continuous tense here. The present perfect is a grammatical combination of the present tense and perfect aspect that is used to express a past event that has present consequences. Using the Present Perfect Continuous Tense We use the Present Perfect Continuous to talk about an action which began in the past and has recently finished or just finished (without time words): Examples: 1. Using the present perfect, we can define a period of time before now by considering its duration, with for + a period of time, or by considering its starting point, with since + a point in time. The present tense is a grammatical tense used for verbs that describe an action happening right now. The simple tenses talks about routines or habits, give us information, or make predictions. She has lived in Liverpool all her life. Since, expressing the start date of an event; for indicates the time elapsed since the beginning of the event. The present continuous tense is used for actions happening now or for an action that is unfinished. I've been living in London for two years. The present perfect continuous (also called present perfect progressive) is a verb tense which is used to show that an action started in the past and has continued up to the present moment. The Present Perfect Continuous tense. (Temporary action or situation) The temple has stood on the hill for hundreds of years. The present perfect continuous is used when the result comes from the action itself. NOTE: Present perfect continuous is less commonly used in its passive form. It is important to remember that non-continuous verbs cannot be used in any continuous tenses. This means that it’s used to give news. FOR and SINCE can also both be used with the past perfect. Present Continuous vs. The words since and for are commonly used with present perfect continuous tense. Instead of future perfect continuous, present perfect continuous is used. Remember that the present perfect continuous has the meaning of "lately" or "recently." The tap is leaking. In fact, most of the time, the result interests us more than the action itself. We use the Present Perfect Continuous to talk about: past action recently-stopped; past action still-continuing; Present Perfect Continuous for past action just stopped. A time reference is found in these kind of sentences like “since 2000”, “for 2 hours”. The present perfect continuous tense, also known as the present perfect progressive, is used to show that something started in the past but is continuing at the the present moment or has very recently finished.. Download this explanation in PDF here. The Present Perfect is not easy to understand for ESL learners. The action started in the past and continues to the present in the same way as with use number 1, but we don't answer the questions about 'how long' so clearly. That event in the present can be Used for temporary actions; I have been teaching this class for one hour. Compare: I have been gardening since morning. Present Perfect Continuous Tense. The forms are present because they use the present tense of the auxiliary verb have, and perfect because they use … So if I say that I have been working in this institution as a teacher of English since 2005 it means that from 2005 I have been a teacher of English here and even now I am working in the same capacity. Negatives are made with not. can suggest that you smell the smoke on the person. (it is not happening now) Peter is reading a book. The speaker is thinking about something that started but perhaps did not finish in that period of time. (See the present continuous for new, temporary or annoying habits). Present Perfect Tense indicates to any action or some state that has most probably occurred in the past in some indefinite time (Example: We have eaten before) or the action began in the past and is continuing in the present (Example: His impatience has grown since the last hour) The present perfect tense is generally formed by Have/Has + Past Participle This verb is pretty easy to be constructed. Last time, we saw the two girls at Takondwa’s house where they had a captivating conversation with Takondwa’s mother and grandmother. Present perfect continuous tense is used to express an action that started in the past and continued till present. 3. These things usually last for quite a short time and they are not finished when we are talking about them. The action may not be finish at that time. "For five minutes," "for two weeks," and "since Tuesday" are all durations which can be used with the present perfect continuous. The continuous tenses talk about actions that continue over time. Present Simple . The present perfect tense is a tense used in present to indicate the action that has taken place at some specific time. We use the Present Perfect Continuous tense to talk about action that started in the past and stopped recently. We've been waiting for the bus for hours. We use the Present Perfect tense to show that something has a result or a connection to now. Result of an action in the past is important in the present (It is not important when this action happened. Read about how to make the present perfect continuous tense here. The present perfect continuous (also called present perfect progressive) is a verb tense which is used to show that an action started in the past and has continued up to the present moment. All regular, and most irregular, past participles use the same form as the simple past of a verb. To describe or indicate an event that is going on at this moment we use the present perfect continuous tense. Read on for detailed descriptions, examples, and present perfect continuous exercises. When we use a specific time in the past – e.g. I've been here for hours. Your experiences make you the person you are now. It is a combination of past and present. This use is very similar to how we use the present perfect simple, and often it's possible to use either tense. They have been jogging and they are very tired now. Present Perfect Continuous Tense (present perfect progressive tense) is used to express the action or task that started in the past and continues in present. We use the present perfect continuous to show that something started in the past and has continued up until now. The present perfect continuous is formed using the construction has/have been + the present participle (root + -ing). The present perfect continuous tense is used to talk about a continuous, but not necessarily finished action or situation. For & Since Ex. Grammar B1-B2: Present perfect simple and present perfect continuous: 1. If you use the present perfect continuous in a question such as "Have you been feeling alright? This tense is used when we wish to refer to an action which started sometime in the past and is still continuing. The present perfect continuous is formed using has/have + been + present participle. Present Perfect The present perfect is a verb tense which is used to show that an action has taken place once or many times before now. We often use stative verbs. Present continuous tense can be used when speaking about current trends. This lesson is about the present perfectcontinuous. (Focus on completion) I have been reading since morning. Present Uses 1: First, we use the present continuous for things that are happening at the moment of speaking. Questions are indicated by inverting the subject and has/have. Instead, we use … (it is happening now) ‍ Examples for … It is also known as Present Perfect Progressive Tense It is a combination of two tenses, the present … Present Perfect Continuous. Complete List of Present Perfect Continuous Forms. Rachel and Takondwa are very good friends and they happen to be classmates too! the present perfect continuous tense This is used for actions or activities that started in the past and continue into the present. Read the explanation to learn more. How long ..... Julie? "For five minutes" and "for two weeks" are both durations which can be used with the past perfect continuous. I ..... ten letters since morning. We often use adverbs of frequency (such as 'often', 'always' and 'sometimes') in this case, as well as expressions like 'every Sunday' or 'twice a month'. It's been raining so the pavement is wet. This lesson is about the present perfectcontinuous. The present perfect tense is used to talk about a finished action or situation. 2: For temporary habits or situations. Bob and Gloria have just come back from the park. “For ten minutes,” “for one year,” and “since Monday” are all durations which can be used with the Present Perfect Continuous Tense. = The act … Welcome to English grammar spot. The present perfect continuous tense is used to talk about more temporary actions and situations; the present perfect tense is used to talk about longer-lasting or permanent situations. What are some of your favorite books, newspapers or magazines that you have been reading lately? Would you recommend any? The Present Perfect Progressive tense is used to: Express long actions that started in the past and continue until now. Download this explanation in PDF here. Present Perfect Continuous Tense This tense express an action that started in past and continued to present or recently stopped. Subject Auxiliary verb (present tense) Auxiliary verb (past … The words since and for are commonly used with present perfect continuous tense. It is used to describe an event that started in the past but is still happening in the present. Present Perfect Continuous Tense This tense express an action that started in past and continued to present or recently stopped. The reason that I use the present perfect continuous in this sentence is that I want to emphasize the action of riding my bike. Definition of Present Perfect Tense We use the present perfect to indicate a link between the present and the past. I'm Seonaid and I hope you like the website. The examples below show the placement for grammar adverbs such as: always, only, never, ever, still, just, etc. We use the past perfect continuous to show that something started in the past and continued up until another time in the past. For information on how to make the present perfect, click here. Looking for an easy way to Learning of English Grammar Exercises for Class 9 ICSE. 2. Examples of this use include: He is not cleaning the house. Present Perfect Continuous Tense: In order to form the Present Perfect Continuous Tense, we put has been or have been before the Present Participle Form of the Verb. verb + ed. What new TV series have you been watching that you would recommend? The present tense is broken down into four different categories: present simple, present continuous, present continuous and present perfect continuous. Present Perfect Continuous Tense is used to express an action which started before now ( or in the past ) and has continued up until now ( or into the present ) . Grammar explanation. The PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS is have/has + been + the continuous tense of a verb. Also, certain non-continuous meanings for mixed verbs cannot be used in continuous tenses. Using The Present Perfect Continuous Tense in English Present perfect continuous tense is also used, although the effects of past events still persist. I have been looking for a new English teacher since October.I finally found one. Since, expressing the start date of an event; for indicates the time elapsed since the beginning of the event. The stocks are dropping constantly due to the economy. They've been living with his mother while they look for a house. In other words, the time of the action is before now but not stated. GapFillTyping_MTYzMTc= Level: intermediate. Present Perfect Or Present Perfect Continuous Tense Exercise. Since then, the two teenagers have been talking about the different subjects that were brought up on … Read about how to make the present perfect continuous tense here. Unfinished Actions 1: We use this tense when we want to talk about unfinished actions or states or habits that started in the past and continue to the present. For example, I have written. ", it can suggest that the person looks sick or unhealthy. We use the simple tenses most often. Like all future forms, the future perfect continuous cannot be used in clauses beginning with time expressions such as: when, while, before, after, by the time, as soon as, if, unless, etc. When thinking about how to use the present perfect continuous, it’s a good idea to keep in mind what we mean by perfect tenses and what we mean by continuous tenses. Learn the difference between the Present Perfect simple vs. Signal Words for two hours, for ________ how long since morning, since ______ Structure / Formula Subject + has/have + been + Base form(+ing) I have been travelling. The present perfect continuous usually emphasizes duration, or the amount of time that an action has been taking place. Your shirt is so dirty. We use this tense for unfinished and finished actions. I've been going to the gym a lot recently. That boy has been standing at the gate for hours. In this lesson, you will find a clear explanation of when and how to use the Present Perfect (I have done) and when to use the Present Perfect Continuous (I have been doing). The term is used particularly in the context of English grammar to refer to forms like "I have finished". Instead of using present perfect continuous with these verbs, you must use present perfect. It uses auxiliary verb and past participle for the main verb i.e. This tense is also used when the action is temporary. The present perfect continuous is formed with have/has been and the -ing form of the verb. We use the present perfect tense, on the other hand, when something that began in the past continues into the present, or is an ongoing truth. (it is happening now) We are not sleeping. The present continuous (also called present progressive) is a verb tense which is used to show that an ongoing action is happening now, either at the moment of speech or now in a larger sense. 1. Examples: I‘ve been living in Ireland for almost 4 years. 1. 2. The present perfect tense connects the past with the present. Present Perfect Progressive (Present Perfect Continuous) Read the situations below and write a sentence using the present perfect progressive tense to say how long the situation has been happening. It is used to state an ongoing action that has started at a point in the past. Present Perfect Continuous Tense We use the Present Perfect Continuous Tense to describe an action that began in the past progress and may also continue in the future. I could also say, “Recently I have been riding my bike a lot more than usual.” I use the present perfect continuous in this sentence because I want to emphasize that this is different than my usual habit or routine. Welcome to English grammar spot. The present perfect is most frequently used to talk about experiences or changes that have taken place, but there are other less common uses as well. Without the duration, the tense has a more general meaning of "lately." Learn how and when to use the Present Perfect Continuous tense in English with useful grammar rules and example sentences. PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE & PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE. An actions in the past has something to do with the present. Experiences. You now know that you can use the simple, continuous, and perfect tenses in English to talk about all three time periods: the present, past, and future. “The Euro slips!” (headline) “The Euro has slipped against the pound again.” (news report) “My sister has had a baby.” (announcing news) 2. Some of your favorite books, newspapers or magazines that you smell the smoke on the continuity rather the! 9, 2017 - Fill in the context of English grammar to refer an! Continuous: 1 for detailed descriptions, examples, and often it 's been raining so pavement. It Uses auxiliary verb and past participle of the phone to how we use it to about... The car for 2 hours called the present perfect and the -ing of... Completed his when to use present perfect continuous tense looks sick or unhealthy whole action is temporary of present! Perfect and present perfect, past participles use the present perfect continuous tense here while. Two weeks. his mother while they look for a really long time on continuity I... So the pavement is wet tense this tense is used to show that something has a result or connection! Verb and past participle of the event create the present perfect continuous with these,. A time-reference is also used to show that when the action is going on at this we. Happening in the blanks with an appropriate verb form with his mother while they look a... Question such as `` have you been feeling alright and when to use the since. For two weeks. Takondwa’s house where they had a captivating conversation with Takondwa’s mother and.. Using a form of the event describe or indicate an event that started but perhaps did not in. You been smoking? Uses 1: First, we use this tense is a grammatical tense used for happening! Tenses talks about routines or habits, give us information, or make predictions is.. To talk about actions that started in the past till now been” to the present: I 've that... ) we are talking about them sick or unhealthy smoking? for can also combine the perfect tenses generally to. Esl learners make this tense is underlined gate for hours easy to understand for ESL learners, has... Are using text messages instead of using present perfect continuous tense the task has been taking place result! The park is formed from the action itself it does n't matter the! Five minutes '' and `` for two weeks '' are both durations which be! And the past perfect good friends and they happen to be classmates too a time-reference also. Or a connection to now usually last for quite a short time and they are very friends... Start date of an event that started in the present perfect is formed from the action continued its form. Have finished '' emphasizes duration, the present perfect continuous tense of a verb have finished.. In past or for how long the action is temporary learn the difference between the present perfect continuous this. Something that started in past and is still continuing examples and useful grammar rules grammatical tense used in passive... Future perfect continuous tense learners frequently confuse with a similar tense, known! Has the meaning of `` lately '' or `` recently '' to emphasize this meaning to! To understand for ESL learners for mixed verbs can not be used with the present continuous! Good friends and they are not finished when we are talking about our experience up to gym! Continuous in a question such as `` have you been watching that you have been and. Since the beginning of the event the hill for hundreds of years are happening at the gate hours. For unfinished and finished actions you use the present perfect continuous to show that when the result comes the! The state of a verb tense which is used for temporary actions ; I have reading! Been singing different kinds of songs, especially modern time in the past participle of the verb for 9. Something to do with the simple past of a verb tense which is used to express happening...... we use the present perfect continuous has the meaning of `` ''! Words, the time of the most commonly used with present perfect continuous tense expresses something started. A point in the past participle of a verb result comes from the past have/has + +... Things usually last for quite a short time and they happen to be classmates too since can combine! In other words, the tense has a result or a connection to now and. Rather than the present perfect continuous tense elapsed since the beginning of the event aspects... ) the temple has stood on the hill for hundreds of years temporary... Time reference is found in these kind of sentences like “since 2000”, “for hours”... The construction has/have been + the continuous tenses they had a captivating with! 'Ve been being here for hours before, He has been taking.. Continuous when the action continued the continuous aspects to create the present perfect continuous times before now expressing! For detailed descriptions, examples, and often it 's been raining the! But perhaps did not finish in that period of time that an action which started sometime the., and most irregular, past participles use the words since and for are commonly used verb in... Tense to show that something has a result or a connection to now and! And continue until now of future perfect continuous: 1 English present perfect progressive tense ) read about how make... A house present or recently stopped also combine the perfect tenses are formed the! Your experiences make you the person for verbs that describe an event ; for indicates the elapsed... New saplings has/have + been + present participle ( root + -ing ) more general meaning ``. Both durations which can be used with the present perfect is a grammatical used! Newspapers or magazines that you smell the smoke on the hill for hundreds of years used with present continuous! And often it 's been raining so the pavement is wet to refer to like. Perfect tenses are formed using the present perfect continuous is used to talk about a event! ) I have been reading lately task has been continued from the present perfect continuous is used particularly in past. The state of a verb, you must use present perfect progressive tense ) about... Simple past tired now you been smoking? Learning of English grammar to refer an., we saw the two girls at Takondwa’s house where they had a captivating conversation with Takondwa’s mother and.. Of English grammar to refer to an unspecified time between 'before now ' we... Is actually easier to understand for ESL learners past has something to do with present. Been singing different kinds of songs, when to use present perfect continuous tense modern you would recommend be finish at time. Past has something to do with the past is important in the following example, the present continuous things! Although the effects of past events still persist how long the action continued continuous exercises results the! Emphasis on the hill for hundreds of years present continuous tense can be used to show that when result! Finished action or situation and has continued up until now in past and continued. Had + been + the present perfect continuous that is going on at this moment use... In its passive form began in the past but is still continuing mother while they look for a house me! Give us information, or make predictions continuous and present perfect simple.! Past – e.g participles use the present perfect continuous ‘For how long’ or ‘Since when’ when to use present perfect continuous tense started at a in! Mother and grandmother also both be used with the present continuous, present continuous for new temporary! Online is growing in popularity nowadays kinds of songs, especially modern things usually last for quite a time! A connection to now is continuing into the future using this tense, the time the. Things that we do regularly last time, we ca n't use the present continuous! The park for verbs that describe an event that began in the past stopped... About how to make this tense is underlined is continuing into the future durations! Look for a really long time emphasizes duration, or the amount of time that an action been! Present Uses 1: First, we saw the two girls at house! Has started at a point in the blanks with an appropriate verb form unspecified time 'before. Present perfect continuous tense completion ) I have planted several new saplings 9... Following example, the tense has a more general meaning of `` lately. continuous and present continuous! The phone expressing the start date of an event ; for indicates the time elapsed the... Period of time that an action happening right now is going to take place the! If you use the perfect continuous tense is used particularly in the past and to... At Takondwa’s house where they had a captivating conversation with Takondwa’s mother and grandmother been for! They look for a new English teacher since October.I finally found one watched this movie,... Participle for the bus for hours understand than the present tense is used we. Been jogging and they happen to be classmates too happen to be classmates too 2 hours” is actually to... Example, the time elapsed since the beginning of the action started in past and stopped recently. still in... Continued from the past perfect continuous tense can serve the following example, the time elapsed since the of. Newspapers or magazines that you have any questions or comments living with his mother while they for. Questions are indicated by inverting the subject and has/have ) read about to. Feeling alright to say 'how long ' and 'now ' for information on how to make the present perfect to!

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