In general, sparrows tend to be small, plump, brown or grey birds with short tails and short powerful beaks. 26 species are confirmed as endemic. , Anhingas or darters are often called "snake-birds" because they have long thin necks, which gives a snake-like appearance when they swim with their bodies submerged. Some of these races are very different in their plumage characteristics from the related forms in India. Former President Ranasinghe Premadasa appointed a six-member committee to select this beautiful bird as the National Bird of Sri Lanka on February 26, 1986, with the approval of Parliament and the Cabinet. Woodpeckers are small to medium-sized birds with chisel-like beaks, short legs, stiff tails and long tongues used for capturing insects. Nightjars are medium-sized nocturnal birds that usually nest on the ground. Larks are small terrestrial birds with often extravagant songs and display flights. Bird: Jungle Fowl Coat of Arms: The national emblem of Sri Lanka was adopted in 1972. Many parrots are vividly coloured, and some are multi-coloured. Order: Coraciiformes Family: Alcedinidae. Falconidae is a family of diurnal birds of prey. Corvids are above average in size among the Passeriformes, and some of the larger species show high levels of intelligence. Minor insects Lacewings The woodswallows are soft-plumaged, somber-coloured passerine birds. Recent updates and sighting information can be obtained through the Field Ornithology Group of Sri Lanka website. Introduced fish Accipitridae is a family of birds of prey, which includes hawks, eagles, kites, harriers and Old World vultures. The sunbirds and spiderhunters are very small passerine birds which feed largely on nectar, although they will also take insects, especially when feeding young. Ceylon jungle fowl is The ioras are bulbul-like birds of open forest or thorn scrub, but whereas that group tends to be drab in colouration, ioras are sexually dimorphic, with the males being brightly plumaged in yellows and greens. These birds have powerful hooked beaks for tearing flesh from their prey, strong legs, powerful talons and keen eyesight. 2019. The species are of various sizes, often green-plumaged above and yellow below, or more subdued with greyish-green to greyish-brown colours. Order: Passeriformes Family: Leiothrichidae. Sri Lanka is a tropical island situated close to the southern tip of India. , Order: Pelecaniformes Family: Pelecanidae, Pelicans are large water birds with a distinctive pouch under their beak. The motive for declaring the area as protected is to protect the catchment of Minneriya tank and the […] Order: Charadriiformes Family: Burhinidae. Ants Leaf warblers are a family of small insectivorous birds found mostly in Eurasia and ranging into Wallacea and Africa. The material on this site can not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with prior written permission of Multiply. The frogmouths are a group of nocturnal birds related to the nightjars. They are strong fliers and, despite their size and weight, very capable soarers. The area was designated as a national park in1997, having been originally declared as a wildlife sanctuary in 1938. Order: Phoenicopteriformes Family: Phoenicopteridae. Amphibians The central hill zone rises to over 2450 m (8-10,000 ft) and has a cool temperate climate. Typically they inhabit dense vegetation in damp environments near lakes, swamps or rivers. , Order: Procellariiformes Family: Hydrobatidae, Northern storm-petrels are small birds which spend most of their lives at sea, coming ashore only to breed. It lives in pairs or small flocks. The thrushes are a group of passerine birds that occur mainly in the Old World. It is a Sanctuary for endemic and migratory birds, with protecting breeding grounds, home to more than 255 species of birds. Their flight is fluttering and sometimes bat-like. The males of many species are brightly coloured, usually in red or yellow and black, some species show variation in colour only in the breeding season. The darters have completely webbed feet and their legs are short and set far back on the body. Many swifts have long swept-back wings which resemble a crescent or boomerang. Where to stay: The Rainforest Ecolodge. The appearance of these birds is highly varied, but they mostly have weak songs and harsh calls. Sparrows are small passerine birds. Many species are migratory.. The Sri Lankan Junglefowl is a member of the Galliformes bird order which is endemic to Sri Lanka, where it is the national bird. 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