improving the peer review of narrative literature reviews

NLM Put simply, if you fail to include a relevant paper when you write a narrative literature review, the omission will probably get picked up by your professor or peer reviewers. Lab Invest. National Center for Biotechnology Information, Unable to load your collection due to an error, Unable to load your delegates due to an error. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0000332. SANRA-a scale for the quality assessment of narrative review articles. The peer review of search strategies resulted in the retrieval of one or more additional records for 75% of the searches investigated, but only a small proportion of these records (4%) represented included studies. Improving the peer review of narrative literature reviews Author: Jennifer A. Byrne Journal: Research Integrity and Peer Review Issue Date: 2016 Summary diagrams suggested by peer reviewers may help make a literature review more accessible to a broader audience. The review of literature reviews has some particular considerations, but all the usual manuscript review rules also apply, such as managing conflicts of interest and allocating appropriate time [16, 17]. Report No. Learned Pub. In the past, we had narrative reviews. HHS Evaluating at least some aspects of the methods used by individual studies can improve reliability [7]. Collins JA, Fauser BCJM. Despite these limitations, narrative reviews remain frequent within the literature, as they offer breadth of literature coverage and flexibility to deal with evolving knowledge and concepts [11]. The submission of more scientific manuscripts requires more researchers acting as peer reviewers, which requires adding greater numbers of new reviewers to the reviewing population over time. 2015;66(11):2215–22. 2007;87(12):1174–85. If there are important papers that have not been cited, suggest to the authors that these be added, and explain why. The relationship of previous training and experience of journal peer reviewers to subsequent review quality. Ten simple rules for reviewers. Improving the peer review of narrative literature reviews. 2012;4(12):3234–47. Literature reviews can be broadly classified as either "systematic" or "narrative". Research synthesis in veterinary science: narrative reviews, systematic reviews and meta-analysis. -, Siebert S, Machesky LM, Insall RH. CAIS. Accessed 10 Aug, 2016. Reference accuracy in the general surgery literature. How this should be done varies according to the review scope and methodology [9, 10, 19]. Narrative Review of the Literature Narrative reviews, sometimes referred to as overviews or standard/traditional reviews of the literature, critically appraise and summarize the literature relevant to an identified topic (Hemingway & Brereton, 2009). Consider whether the authors have cited a comprehensive range of literature or whether they have tended to cite papers that support their own point of view. Reviews provide a synthesis of published literature on a topic and describe its current state-of-art. With rapidly rising publication rates in many fields [2], even content-expert peer reviewers should check publication databases for similar and/or overlapping review articles as part of the peer-review process. Narrative Review Articles. https://doi.org/10.1186/s41073-016-0019-2, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/s41073-016-0019-2. Miake-Lye IM, Hempel S, Shanman R, Shekelle PG. Literature reviews are not always read by subject experts, and it is important that the peer-review process considers this. Dijkers MP. Liberati A, Altman DG, Tetzlaff J, Mulrow C, Gøtzsche PC, Ioannidis JP, et al. However, that sense of elation can quickly turn to dread if the author has to respond to dozens, even hundreds, of comments from peer reviewers.  |  2009;88(5):423–30. Writing narrative literature reviews for peer-reviewed journals: secrets of the trade. Article  If there have been other recent reviews of the same or similar topics, the authors should explain how their manuscript is unique. If figures or tables are included, these need to be original; otherwise, the authors need to have obtained permission to reproduce these from an original source. Cobo E, Selva-O'Callagham A, Ribera JM, Cardellach F, Dominguez R, Vilardell M. PLoS One. In a national survey of 560 otherwise successful teachers of writing and 715 of their students, Sarah W. Freedman (1985) found that many teachers grieved over the use of peer review groups because they had difficulty getting students to respond effectively to one another's writing. A typology of reviews: an analysis of 14 review types and associated methodologies. Although there are now many review sub-types that can be distinguished based upon the literature search, appraisal, synthesis and analysis methods used [9, 10], review articles can be broadly classified as either “systematic” or “narrative” [5, 11]. Am J Health Pro 2002;17: 7-71. J Med Imag Radi Sci 2008;39:86–92. 2007 Mar 28;2(3):e332. Try to separate the assessment of language and grammar from the more important assessment of scientific quality and remain aware that expert reviewers risk bringing their own biases to the peer-review process [15]. Statistical reviewers improve reporting in biomedical articles: a randomized trial. Overflow in science and its implications for trust. statement and © 2020 BioMed Central Ltd unless otherwise stated. In general, three basic types of literature review reflect a continuum of detail: narrative, systematic, and meta-analytic reviews. Haddaway NR, Woodcock P, Macura B, Collins A. Warne V. Rewarding reviewers- sense or sensibility? eCollection 2019. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1999;318(7193):1224–5. Here, I summarise why literature reviews are valued by their diverse readership and how peer reviewers with different levels of content expertise can improve the reliability and accessibility of narrative review articles. Task Force on Systematic Reviews and Guidelines. Many different types of citation errors can be identified in the research literature [21, 22], and these may occur regardless of the journal impact factor [22]. 2012;4(12):3234–47. 2006;313(5791):1236. BMC Fam Pract 18, 108 (2017). Science. These definitions and statements should form part of an overall narrative structure that helps readers to anticipate and understand the information presented [20]. The systematic review is considered to be the gold standard of evidence synthesis, but also carries the potential disadvantages of narrow scope [11], and requiring more time and resources to prepare and update [7]. Systematic reviews are more detailed and rigorous, and review a well-defined research question rather than a field or topic as in narrative reviews. There are two types of literature reviews, i.e. This assignment will start with by illustrating the types of literature review (systematic and narrative reviews) and the strengths and weaknesses for both. Ultimately, the goal of a literature review should be to further the body of knowledge [18]. 2016;5:28. Vet J. Author information: (1)1Molecular Oncology Laboratory, Children's Cancer Research Unit, Kids Research Institute, The Children's Hospital at Westmead, Locked Bag 4001, Westmead, 2145 NSW Australia. Literature reviews can also help other content experts such as researchers and policymakers to identify gaps in their own reading and knowledge. Cookies policy. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (US). To undertake a narrative review of qualitative studies of women's experiences of TOP and their perspectives on surgical or medical … doi: 10.3390/su4123234. Title: Improving the peer review of narrative literature reviews Author: Jennifer A. Byrne Subject: Res Integr Peer Rev, doi:10.1186/s41073-016-0019-2 The three most common types of peer review are single blind, double blind, and open peer review. Gavras H. Inappropriate attribution: the “lazy author syndrome”. If only a limited number of articles can be cited due to the journal’s requirements, check that these studies are representative of those available. Available: http://publicationethics.org/resources/guidelines-new/cope-ethical-guidelines-peer-reviewers. J Assoc Inform Sci Tech. I then provide a number of recommendations for peer reviewers of narrative literature reviews, to improve the integrity of the scientific literature, while also ensuring that narrative review articles meet the needs of both expert and non-expert readers. COPE Ethical Guidelines for Peer Reviewers. Propagation of errors in review articles. The research question was answered with a systematic literature research and results were summarized narratively. 2012 Mar;7(1):37-44. doi: 10.1007/s11552-012-9392-6. Reference accuracy in peer-reviewed pediatric orthopaedic literature. 2015;36:8. Overflow in science and its implications for trust. Pautasso M. Ten simple rules for writing a literature review. First, narrative reviews simply cannot provide the type of quantitative synthesis of the literature that meta-analysis provides. 2002;15(9):831. doi: 10.1097/BRS.0b013e3182a7ebbf. Interface, information, interaction: a narrative review of design and functional requirements for clinical decision support. 2015;29(6):1596–605. This has serious adverse consequences for the validity of published research and overall trust in science [3]. 2015;206(3):261–7. Time to challenge the spurious hierarchy of systematic over narrative reviews? Ideally, any literature search choices made by the authors should be clearly stated, transparent and reproducible [11]. Lab Invest. Although it has been difficult to identify predictors of peer-reviewer performance and effective training methods, younger reviewer age has been reproducibly associated with better quality manuscript reviews [26, 27]. Justification of the literature have occurred improve reliability [ 7 ] and is often the weakest section of qualitative. Whether the authors have interpreted conflicting findings or studies with apparently outlying results [ 9.... 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