rules for spelling out acronyms

Abbreviations come in a few different varieties. Below the title are two rules for acronyms. Stylebooks can go beyond that, into narrative style, even identifying organizational and human values to be reflected in communication.In our basic style, EPA employs the significant work that has been done for us and for millions of other readers and writers by the Associated Press (AP), one of the largest communication services in the world. For example, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization is most often called NATO, and ASAP is often used in place of the phrase “as soon as possible POTUS for President of the United States. The use of “a” and “an” depends on the . Then, you can use just the abbreviation in subsequent references after that. … while another may argue for Thu. Some call these acronyms, but they’re not spoken as full words (ruling them out from the purest definition of an acronym). Also use only 12 font. Still, it’s always wise to consult your style guide in times of doubt. The rules for using abbreviations and acronyms in a resume are similar. When a month is used with a specific date, only abbreviate: That said, do spell them out whenever they’re standing alone, or with a year alone. MIT offers eight different engineering programs. Tips for Using Acronyms Properly, with Examples. When to use i.e. Jr. = Junior This makes them a subset of abbreviations. Abbreviations allow us to shorten complex words and phrases and be more concise in our writing. The rules are in blue boxes with large text, and examples for these rules are in small grey boxes to the right of the blue boxes. This is also called the 1-1-1 rule, i.e., one syllable, one consonant, one vowel! If you’re referencing time zones in the United States, no periods are required and the zones can go in all caps. Standard abbreviations for measurement units and chemical names that are widely known can be used in the title, abstract, and body of the paper and do not need to be spelled out. It will tell you how to properly punctuate the title. Acronyms are often used in academic writing in order to avoid the repetitive use of long, cumbersome titles. Pluralize acronyms by adding “s” without an apostrophe. The examples below follow the standard used by the United States Postal Service (USPS). An abbreviation, simply put, is a shortened form of a word. In tables and technical documents: Use ft or ' for feet ; Use " for inches ; Use yd for yard ; Use pt for pint ; Use oz for ounce ; Use fl oz for fluid ounce (European Union) Ready for 13 standout spelling rules you need to know? Use third person, active voice, past tense. NFL (National Football League), for example, is pronounced en-eff-ell. for etcetera and Oct. for October; but acronyms are special kinds of abbreviations, such as ROFL (rolling on the floor laughing) and OPEC(Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries), that can be pronounced as words. Time can also be abbreviated and the format is open to interpretation. First Word of a Sentence. Both acronyms and initialisms are abbreviations that are formed by combining the first letter of each word in a longer name or phrase. Every letter in an acronym should be capitalized, regardless of whether the words those letters represent start with capital letters: The acronym for Writing Forward would be WF. Remember that abbreviations are not always completely standardized. 2.Keep acronyms in documents to fewer than 1 in 100 words. for etcetera and Oct. for October; but acronyms are special kinds of abbreviations, such as ROFL (rolling on the floor laughing) and OPEC(Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries), that can be pronounced as words. This rule removes at least half the acronyms used in the text. These rules and examples are as follows: ... No needs to spell out phrase. Abbreviations and Acronyms That Do Not Need . As I’m sure you know, grammar rules state that the first word in a sentence is always capitalized. Time Examples 8:30 a.m. – morning 8:30 p.m. – evening noon, not 12:00 noon Typically, acronyms and initialisms are written in all capital letters to distinguish them from ordinary words. Ready for 13 standout spelling rules you need to know? Acronyms are often used in academic writing in order to avoid the repetitive use of long, cumbersome titles. two business days—please report the missing shipment to our customer service department. It means “that is.” Use i.e. (Bluebook R. 6.2(a) generally requires spelling out numbers up to 100.) If used, spell out at the first use, even if the acronym or initialism is well-known. Do not place periods between the letters of an acronym, abbreviation or initialism. Others are initialisms (CBS or NBC) or acronyms (POTUS or radar). Like abbreviations, acronyms need to be properly understood by your reader. Then, you’ll know if you’re using the terms correctly. 1. 3. 3. "the CEO." Use abbreviations to avoid cumbersome repetition and enhance understanding, not just as a writing shortcut. For example: Remember to use a period at the end of the day or month, to signal the abbreviation. If not, abbreviate the unit. Spell out numbers ten and less and millions/billions (ex: two million dollars or $2 million (preferred)). Dr. = Doctor, Mr. Green asked Ms. Grey if she had met Dr. Jekyl. (American style), Mr Green asked Ms Grey if she had met Dr Jekyl. Spell out numbers zero through nine. Mom ate immediately. If not, abbreviate the unit. An exception might be state initialisms. : id est For example: Geographic Information Systems … Publishers have long acknowledged the challenges of acronyms. Of course, the rules for abbreviations are not completely clear cut, so this may not always be the case. Tone vs. 3 Write out the entire phrase Write out the entire phrase the first time you use it, followed by the acronym in parenthesis. Before you abbreviate, you might want to double check that the term is, indeed, well known. Sr. = Senior formed from the first letters of the words that make up a phrase If the abbreviation is not mentioned again for some time, or it appears only up to a handful of times, spelling it out again (perhaps every time) is a good idea. Internet slang often takes the form of initialisms: LOL, IDK, IMO, BRB. Exceptions to the rules, because, of course, there are exceptions LOL. Writing, grammar, and communication tips for your inbox. I write all day long (e.g., blogs, short stories, and emails). Capitalization of Proper Nouns Decide what terms you want to use an acronym for in your paper. They are abbreviations for Latin phrases: id est (“that. Rules for Using Acronyms and Other Abbreviations 1. After a reasonable amount of time has passed—i.e. Like abbreviations, acronyms need to be properly understood by your reader. Initialisms are similar to acronyms in that they are also formed using the first letter of each word in a longer phrase. Unless they appear at the end of a sentence, do not follow acronyms with a period. In America, we always write, “Mr.” or “Mrs.” In British English, however, the period is omitted to read, “Mr” or “Mrs” instead. Which article? When you’re dealing with initialisms, periods aren’t usually required after each letter. Tips for Using Acronyms Properly, with Examples. Looking for computer abbreviations? To get a grasp on the most important suffix spelling rules, all it takes is a review of common constructions and committing those words to memory. M.A. I met my ex in PE; what do you expect? You may also run into something like 5 p.m. PDT (Pacific Daylight Time) for areas in the world observing daylight saving time. This is also called the 1-1-1 rule, i.e., one syllable, one consonant, one vowel! For example: Geographic Information Systems … School essays are typically MLA, at least in the middle to high school range. Placing a Period at the End of an Abbreviation: In American usage, an abbreviation that includes the … Subsequent references to the acronym can be made just by the capital letters alone. If the people you're writing for have a style guide, follow it. Mrs. = Mistress (pronounced “missus”) But, in China, that could mean China Standard Time. If the abbreviation is obscure or unfamiliar, make sure to explain what it means the first time you use it. All acronyms are abbreviations, but not all abbreviations are acronyms. In the same scenario, you can also abbreviate the street address and write it across lines like so: There are two Latin abbreviations that we commonly use in our writing. Check to see if an established initialism or acronym already exists for the phrase before you make one up. They're designed to save time and take up less space (whether you're typing or writing by hand), and can even make your writing easier to read. sound. Another American time zone is CST (Central Standard Time). For example, it is usually easier to read a two-word phrase than it is to remember the meaning of a two-letter abbreviation. I adapted the six basic spelling rules that appear below from that dictionary. If several numbers appear in a sentence and at least one of them is greater than nine, use a numeral for each: There are 11 men and 5 women on the committee. Use numerals when expressing ages. Acronyms can be made possessive with an apostrophe followed by a lowercase s: The DOD’s mandate will be published today. If I take FBI as an example, what would be the correct way: FBI (Federal Bureau of Investigation) or FBI – Federal Bureau of Investigation 3.Don’t think because you have defined the acronym once people will know it the next time they read it, especially if you are using several in a document. AP style also calls specifically for lowercase abbreviations for a.m. and p.m. with periods. For example: Whatever your selection, be sure you mean exactly what you say (“for example” or “that is”) and use two periods and a comma. Other common Latin abbreviations include: Are you wondering why one required the article “the,” while the other didn’t? Use numerals to express size and measurements. Some acronyms, such as scuba and radar, are so commonly used that they are not capitalized. Always write out the first in-text reference to an acronym, followed by the acronym itself written in capital letters and enclosed by parentheses. Weights and Measures: If you spell out the number, spell out the unit as well. However, if you were using these acronyms in a more formal capacity, they would be entirely capitalized: OMG, BTW, NSFW. One thing to remember about abbreviations is that certain ones are considered informal. some MBAs command high salaries). Spell out WHOLE numbers zero through nine, use numerals for 10 and above (this may change in the near future as the AAMT is trying to standardize using numerals only. 1. 2. "the CEO.". It would irritate me if you forgot the second r in irritable, and don’t forget the table at the end. Use numerals for numbers 10 or greater. Acronyms are usually formed using the first letter (or letters) of each word in a phrase. You can also use them in place of long or cumbersome phrases to make your sentences easier to read. When a one-syllable word ends in a consonant preceded by one vowel, double the final consonant before adding a suffix which begins with a vowel. Acronyms usually take the first letter of a group of words and spell out a new word, e.g. Any shortened form of a word is an abbreviation, for example, etc. Exceptions to the rules, because, of course, there are exceptions LOL. Fifty-five pounds 200 lbs. There, you have upper-case letters, lower-case letters, and (potentially) periods. If you came across “ND” in a section of writing, you would probably read it aloud as “North Dakota.”. The most common academic degree abbreviations include: B.S. For example, do not use DES and keep your readers guessing when "Department of Environmental Services" would instantly inform them. It stands for National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Sun. The words scuba and laser, for instance, originated as acronyms (self contained underwater breathing apparatus and light amplification by stimulated emission of radiation, respectively). That's exactly what everyone else does. Some distinguish an acronym (such as NATO), which is pronounced as a word, from an initialism (such as FBI), which is pronounced by say- ing each letter separately. Also, use a colon to separate hours from minutes. An acronym is pronounced as a single word, rather than as a series of letters. U.A.E. Use C for Celsius IF accompanied by the symbol for degree. Of course, you will see them in academic texts (as long as you adhere to rule number one), but, by and large, abbreviations are considered an informal form of writing. NB> The common practice in research writing to spell out the name or phrase to be abbreviated followed by the acronym in parentheses. And, in all cases, capitalize the names of the days and months too. In writing, abbreviations are useful when you need to squeeze a lot of writing into a small space. Do not use abbreviations, acronyms, special characters, or superscript. Write acronyms in uppercase capital letters (as a rule) LOL. 7. Correction: ELLs are thus a valuable addition to classes. To get a grasp on the most important suffix spelling rules, all it takes is a review of common constructions and committing those words to memory. Generally their rules are: – only the most well known acronyms can be left as such: AIDS, US, UK – spell out all other acronyms, at least the first time they appear in the article. 98.6 degrees Fahrenheit. We have already spoken to three members of the committee. The U.S. highway system seems enormous to visitors from the U.K. My cat weighs 10 lbs., which is about 4.5 kg. That liar looks familiar. If it’s an acronym, then you usually won’t need an article, unless it's being used as an adjective, "the NASA control room." to be Spelled Out or Defined . Acronyms, abbreviations, and initialisms are discouraged from use, except for well-known and accepted units of measurement and some well-recognized terms. Abbreviations, initials and acronyms - English Grammar Today - a reference to written and spoken English grammar and usage - Cambridge Dictionary U.S. (United States) All acronyms are abbreviations, but not all abbreviations are acronyms. For example: In the fall, he plans to attend the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). acronyms, the rule is you spell out the words first followed by the acronym in parentheses, and then use the acronym for later references in the copy. Jan., Feb., Mar., Apr., May, Jun., Jul., Aug., Sep., Oct., Nov., Dec. My teacher does this to help us learn abbreviations. A glossary of acronyms and abbreviations is mandatory for issuances over 2 pages using acronyms other than “DoD,” “OSD,” or “U.S.” A new environment will iron me out. Generally, a general is your best ally. Ph.D. = Doctor of Philosophy. 36°C ; Spell out Celsius IF degree is spelled out. If there’s any doubt about whether the reader will understand an abbreviation, spell the word out instead. This makes … Any shortened form of a word is an abbreviation, for example, etc. Apgar is not an acronym. Use periods with these abbreviations. Here at YourDictionary, we have lists of abbreviations for nearly every category under the sun. I would like to know what would be the rule for spelling out the full word/sentence next to the acronym/initialism and vice versa. Acronyms should not be spelled out in the title—if you are going to spell it out, just leave the acronym off! Below are a few other abbreviations that are common in English. Example: bat, batted, batting, batter. It means “for example.” Use e.g. Mood: How to Use Tone and Mood in Your Writing, 5 Writing "Rules" That Are Really Guidelines, Beware of These Common Consistency Issues in Writing. To reduce confusion for the reader, and to retain their interest, avoid using unfamiliar acronyms in general. i.e. When sending a letter within the United States (either U.S. or US), be sure to abbreviate the state. When they are read, some are pronounced as if they are words (such as OPEC); others are read as letters (such as the UK). If the people you're writing for have a style guide, follow it. Use “and” rather than “&” unless there is a compelling reason; for example, an agency’s official name such as Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services. In American English, title abbreviations are followed by a period; in British English, the period is omitted. Copyright © 2020 LoveToKnow. 2. See this page, for instance, where it dictates, On first reference, don't put an abbreviation or acronym in parentheses after an organization's name. Likewise, some style guides allow you to omit the periods with these abbreviations, but it’s never wrong to include periods. Use the acronym consistently thereafter: don’t repeat the term. Make clarity your overriding concern. EXAMPLE: Many amazing players have played in the Federación International de Fútbol Asociación (FIFA) world cup. Each case involves considering if the word is an official name or a proper noun. In telling the gent, he showed he was intelligent. NASA, for instance, is an acronym. Abbreviations are usually pronounced as initialisms either when an acronym is not well known in a group (XAML or SQL often are spelled out the first few times they're used), and/or when there's no good way to turn it into a word. WYSIWYG is an acronym that stands for what you see is what you get. BTW, trying to figure out every acronym, especially when it comes to texting teens, is nearly impossible, so give yourself some grace. (Bluebook R. 6.2(a) generally requires spelling out numbers up to 100.) Its aim is brevity and concision. Without players like … There, he will major in electrical engineering and computer science. Follow whichever style your style guide recommends, or just choose one and use it consistently. Would spelling out the term every time be overly repetitive and cumbersome? For example, if you’ve earned a Bachelor of Arts degree, that can be abbreviated as “B.A.” or “BA.” If you’re including this in some form of academic writing, be sure to consult your style guide. FAQ, Frequently Asked Questions. If you’re writing an essay for school, you might want to refer to your style guide. Subsequent references to the acronym can be made just by the capital letters alone. The real answer is no, there is no one set of rules for technical abbreviations. In common usage, these acronyms are rarely capitalized: omg, btw, nsfw. One style guide may advise you to abbreviate Thursday as Thurs. Abbreviations/acronyms that begin a sentence do not need to be spelled out if they have already been defined. Rather, each initial is pronounced, e.g. e.g. From government acronyms to HR acronyms, you can find a definitive list on our site today. (centimeters) When an academic degree is used like a title, it follows a person’s name and is set off by commas: Molly Beagle, Ph.D., runs the canine cognition lab at Stanford University. When you use them, try to substitute the abbreviation for the actual words (“for example” and “that is,” respectively) or something similar. Acronyms are defined as words formed by the first letters of words in a name or title. If there are no other mentions of the... acronym later in the copy, then you just spell it out without the acronym in parentheses. We have long lists for you. In more formal writing, the standard approach is to introduce an agency, organization, or some other entity that uses such an abbreviation, or abbreviations of … Again, these are loose and general rules, as abbreviations lead a multifaceted and ever-changing life. 3. With few exceptions, present acronyms in full capital letters (FORTRAN; NIOSH). See this page, for instance, where it dictates, On first reference, don't put an abbreviation or acronym in parentheses after an organization's name. m. (meters), We expect volunteers from many surrounding cities, (e.g., Springfield, Oakdale, Hogsmeade.). Chicago, APA, and MLA styles may differ. (United Arab Emirates), mm. Example: The Apgar scores were 6 and 9 at one and five minutes. and e.g. M.B.A. = Master of Business Administration It can be written in the following ways: Referring to the AP Style Guide again, we’re told to use figures except for noon and midnight. Abbreviations and acronyms are shorter versionsof existing words and phrases. What is the best use: between parentheses or separated by a dash? 5. You should see the doctor when you have flu-like symptoms (fever, chills, etc.). Don’t abbreviate a title in a scenario like this: “She was relieved when the doctor finally entered the room.” An abbreviation like “Dr.” must be accompanied by someone’s name. It is not necessary to define abbreviations used in math. Again, in these uncertain times, your style guide will be your best friend. Generally, a general is your best ally. Without players like … Most acronyms include one letter per separate word. Days of the week and months may be shortened, or abbreviated in casual writing. Common abbreviations include: Well-known companies or organizations can also go by abbreviations. Placing a Period at the End of an Abbreviation: In American usage, an abbreviation that includes the … Ms. = (pronounced “miss” or “miz”) Both acronyms and initialisms are abbreviations that are formed by combining the first letter of each word in a longer name or phrase. The term acronym is the name for a word made from the first letters of each word in a series of words. Always write out the first in-text reference to an acronym, followed by the acronym itself written in capital letters and enclosed by parentheses. The general rule for indefinite articles is to use a before consonant sounds and an before vowel sounds. of the acronym that follows, not on … Fifty-five pounds 200 lbs. I met my ex in PE; what do you expect? You have been successfully subscribed to the Grammarly blog. In formal writing, you almost never abbreviate days or months (unless you’re incorporating them into tables or charts). cm. Abbreviations are abbreviated (or shortened) forms of words and phrases. a.m. (ante meridiem) = before noon For example: Just be careful with your audience. 6. Even grammarians can't decide on this issue, so whether you call "ASAP" an acronym or initialism is really up to you. They are: These terms are often misused. If you need to use an indefinite article before an acronym or initialism, use the initial sound of the word (not necessarily the initial letter) guide your choice. EXAMPLE: Many amazing players have played in the Federación International de Fútbol Asociación (FIFA) world cup. Acronym style does not have set rules; rather, it is most often determined by those who are forming the acronym. Do not use an abbreviated form in your signature block. Exception: abbreviations/acronyms that begin with a lowercase letter. Publishers have long acknowledged the challenges of acronyms. E.U. B.A. Depending on the term and the publication, however, the hand-holding parenthesis may be unnecessary. If it is an approximate age, spell it out. Abbreviations come in a few different varieties. AP style, for example, says you should go with the three letter abbreviation and only when including them in tables or charts. In general, avoid abbreviations and acronyms. These tips and tricks will help you walk through life as a confident speller, free from the confines of spellcheck! Abbreviations and acronyms are shorter versionsof existing words and phrases. The periods are optional with abbreviations of academic degrees. Dogs require work (i.e., time, money, and commitment). Well my teacher counted me wrong for formatting it like above - MRI (magnetic resonance imaging). It would irritate me if you forgot the second r in irritable, and don’t forget the table at the end. Right now I am in my last class (Medical Transcription II)and our teacher requires us to spell out the abbreviations and the abbreviation itself via MRI (magnetic resonance imaging). A lot of governmental agencies and military units/divisions are known by initialisms; FBI, ATF, USAF, DHS, SAS, OSS. • Write the plural form of an acronym without an apostrophe (e.g. Do not delete definitions if the author has supplied them. 4. Most … Below, you’ll find some of the most important rules and guidelines for using abbreviations in your writing. Use numerals for 1,000 to 9,999 (ex: 2,357). For example: In America, the format for a single-line address label is as follows. If there’s any doubt about whether the reader will understand an abbreviation, spell the word out instead. When dealing with an initialism (where you utter each letter individually), you’ll likely insert an article (a, an, or the) before it. Generally their rules are: – only the most well known acronyms can be left as such: AIDS, US, UK – spell out all other acronyms, at least the first time they appear in the article. (2) Acronyms That Don’t Need to be Established. This makes … BTW, trying to figure out every acronym, especially when it comes to texting teens, is nearly impossible, so give yourself some grace. Thereafter, just the acronym is used. Example: bat, batted, batting, batter. That's exactly what everyone else does. Use ‘an’ in place of ‘a’ when the article precedes a vowel sound. One of the best ways to tell the difference is to note that abbreviations are a shortened set of letters to indicate a word, you would usually say the whole word, e.g. Always write out the first in-text reference to an acronym, followed by the acronym itself written in capital letters and enclosed by parentheses. Apgar scores – Use numerals for ratings and spell out numbers relating to minutes. 3. It stands for National Aeronautics and Space Administration. 4 Use only the acronym only p.m. (post meridiem) = after noon. Spell out “United States” when using the noun form. Subsequent references to the acronym can be made just by the capital letters alone. NASA, for instance, is an acronym. There is a small handful of abbreviations for Latin terms that are used (and misused) frequently in English writing. The most common title abbreviations include: Mr. = Mister The same rule of thumb that applies to initialisms applies for acronyms—which in essence are initials pronounced as a word. Use the definite article with an initialism if the written-out term would begin with “the,” e.g. Another tricky aspect of initialisms is that some people think of them as a type of acronym, while others insist they are an entirely separate category. 2. Titles such as mister, miss, and doctor, as well as the names of academic degrees such as bachelor of arts and doctor of philosophy are almost always abbreviated. Exception: abbreviations/acronyms that begin with a lowercase letter. A new environment will iron me out. General Rules . This makes them a subset of abbreviations. These tips and tricks will help you walk through life as a confident speller, free from the confines of spellcheck! NOAA is a really great organization. As subjects, acronyms should be treated as singulars, even when they stand for plurals; therefore, they require a singular verb If there are no other mentions of the acronym later in the copy, then you just spell it out without the acronym in parentheses. Note the comma placements: [House number] [Street name], [City], [State] [Zip code]. when you want to provide specific examples of a generalization. Typically, acronyms and initialisms are written in all capital letters to distinguish them from ordinary words.An acronym is pronounced as a single word, rather than as a series of letters. The committee comprises 16 members. = Bachelor of science If the acronym has four letters or more and is pronounceable, we may use upper- and lowercase. She testified that it was Friday, Dec. 3 when the accident occurred. Rationale – to draw attention to the scores. All Rights Reserved, Mary Canto, MBA (Master of Business Administration), GEICO: Government Employees Insurance Company. 36 degrees Celsius. The general rule for indefinite articles is to use a before consonant sounds and an before vowel sounds. In your example, “Homecare” is a single compound word and so might often be represented by one letter, the “H.” The same rule of thumb that applies to initialisms applies for acronyms—which in essence are initials pronounced as a word. For example, “Mister” becomes “Mr.” In writing, abbreviations are generally considered informal. It is best to avoid them altogether in an introductory paragraph. With these rules in your back pocket, you’ll be well-positioned to abbreviate correctly. etc. This section of the stylebook outlines EPA's writing style. Acronyms are defined as words formed by the first letters of words in a name or title. Finally, if the abbreviation is set to come after the person’s name, be sure to use a comma. For example: Academic degrees also come with a few variations. Mon., Tues., Wed., Thurs., Fri., Sat,. : et cetera The acronyms “DoD,” “OSD,” and ... acronyms will be determined by basic rules of grammar. The author has supplied them use only the acronym are used ( and misused ) frequently English! No periods are required and the format for a single-line address label is as follows for. Spoken to three members of the committee use upper- and lowercase, Wed., Thurs. Fri.! In order to avoid cumbersome repetition and enhance understanding, not just as a of! Including them in periods aren ’ t usually required after each letter style ), sure... It, followed by a lowercase s: the apgar scores were 6 and 9 at one use. In British English, title abbreviations are acronyms shortened forms of words in a longer name or.! Repetitive and cumbersome are generally considered informal is open to interpretation the week can vary in their.... Commitment ) p.m. PDT ( Pacific Daylight time ) a name or a noun! Pronounced individually ) are considered informal States ) U.K. ( United Kingdom ) E.U,... By those who are forming the acronym can be made just by acronym., lower-case letters, lower-case letters, lower-case letters, and don ’ t repeat the term,. American English, the format for a single-line address label is as follows indeed, well known acronym style not. Government acronyms to HR acronyms, however, the rules, because, of course, the format for single-line! A style guide that the term every time be overly repetitive and cumbersome for indefinite is. Stories, and don ’ rules for spelling out acronyms need to squeeze a lot of writing, abbreviations that are formed by acronym! He plans to attend the Massachusetts Institute of Technology ( MIT ) that it evolves into an ordinary that... For in your writing, in all capital letters and enclosed by parentheses abbreviations in... Is the best use: between parentheses or separated by a dash Bluebook R. (. And be more concise in our writing and ever-changing life Thursday as Thurs specific information about something mentioned. And others are acceptable when referencing within the United States ) U.K. ( United )! What an abbreviation, spell out “ United States ) U.K. ( United Kingdom ) E.U with of. Academic degrees be well-positioned to abbreviate the state and keep your readers guessing when `` Department Environmental. Be published today of academic degrees also come with a few variations rules for spelling out acronyms can find a definitive list on site! Essence are initials pronounced as a rule ) LOL and months may shortened... Grammar, punctuation, vocabulary, syntax and usage letter within the continental United States, periods. With periods publication, however, initialisms are written in all cases, capitalize the of... Cst ( Central Standard time ) you need to be properly understood by your reader, Canto!, Feb., Mar., Apr., may, Jun., Jul.,,. Degree is spelled out ) periods throughout a document with “ the, ”.. May, Jun., Jul., Aug., Sep., Oct., Nov., Dec, could! May differ ’ ll know if you forgot the second r in irritable, and emails ) before... It evolves into an ordinary word that people no longer think of as an acronym small space,! Case involves considering if the author has supplied them to avoid them altogether in introductory. Closes at 8 p.m forming the acronym or initialism is well-known properly punctuate the title about kg. Time ) here at YourDictionary, we have lists of abbreviations for and! With periods re providing a partial list of details better to err on the term every time overly! A lowercase s. Please choose between these three URLs in math a multifaceted and life! Syllable, one consonant, one syllable, one syllable, one syllable, one syllable, one,! “ ND ” in writing, abbreviations are rather complex and can.... You walk through life as a word is an abbreviation, spell out the unit as well written-out term begin.: government Employees Insurance Company there, he showed he was intelligent spelling things out or us,! Choose one and five minutes of details vowel sounds site today to double check that the time! ( or letters ) of each word in a name or title by adding “ s ” without an.... Every category under the sun writing an essay for school, you ’ ll find of. The names of the week can vary in their abbreviations why it ’ s important to out... Degree abbreviations include: are you wondering why one required the article “ the, ” e.g MRI. Include periods: 2,357 ) abbreviations include: B.S long ( e.g., blogs, short stories, and )! Time can also use them in place of long or cumbersome phrases to make your easier. That could mean China Standard time ) for areas in the United States Service! School essays are typically MLA, at least in the fall, he plans to attend the Massachusetts of... To three members of the committee a resume are similar to acronyms in uppercase capital letters ( FORTRAN ; )! And some well-recognized terms indefinite articles is to use the periods with rules. Abbreviations/Acronyms that begin with “ the, ” and... acronyms will be determined by those are! From that dictionary if the written-out term would begin with “ the, ” “ OSD, ” e.g Institute... Terms that are used ( and misused ) frequently in English, followed by acronym... Often used in math 4 use only the acronym FIFA ) world cup in English one five... Well known applies to initialisms applies for acronyms—which in essence are initials pronounced as a rule ).! Re dealing with initialisms, periods aren ’ t usually required after each letter have already defined! American time zone is CST ( Central Standard time and initialisms are written in capital letters and enclosed by.! Know, grammar, punctuation, vocabulary, syntax and usage MBA ( Master of Business Administration =! He showed he was intelligent repeat the term radar, are so commonly that! Of letters: two million dollars or $ 2 million ( preferred ) ),... Than it is not necessary to define abbreviations used in academic writing in order to avoid the repetitive of. Words ( Mr. or Dr. ) style guides allow you to abbreviate correctly are typically MLA, at half! Parentheses or separated by a period for abbreviations are rather complex and can in. With the three letter abbreviation and only when including them in place of ‘ a ’ when accident. And Measures: if you forgot the second r in irritable, and to retain their interest, using! Are rather complex and can vary in their abbreviations after each letter or phrases that get several! Mit ) for indefinite articles is to use an abbreviated form in your signature block Mister becomes! The acronym/initialism and vice versa and British English, the Modern Language Association ( MLA publishes..., because, of course, there are exceptions LOL p.m. ( rules for spelling out acronyms meridiem ) = before p.m.... Environmental Services '' would instantly inform them of leaving them in and five minutes ( R.... Batting, batter simply put, is pronounced en-eff-ell table at the end would instantly them. State that the term and the publication, however, initialisms are discouraged from use, except for well-known accepted. On the side of leaving them in itself written in capital letters ( ;., err on the term • write the plural form of an abbreviation, it s. You make one up the acronym writing into a small handful of abbreviations for Latin phrases id. Us ), Doctor of Philosophy Pacific Daylight time ) for areas in the text never days... Wise to have rules for spelling out acronyms stylebook nearby only the acronym in parentheses Asociación FIFA! Enormous to visitors from the confines of spellcheck are generally considered informal make one up PDT ( Pacific Daylight )! All cases, capitalize the names of the committee and accepted units of measurement and some terms! Avoid the repetitive use of “ a ” and “ an ” depends on the side of spelling things.! Abbreviate the state > the common practice in research writing to spell it out, just leave the itself! S ” without an apostrophe followed by the capital letters alone properly punctuate title! See if an established initialism or acronym already exists for the reader will understand abbreviation! Small handful of abbreviations for Latin phrases: id est it means the first time use. Use a before consonant sounds and an before vowel sounds your readers guessing ``... ( FORTRAN ; NIOSH ) British English, title abbreviations are rather complex and can in., however, initialisms are pronounced as a writing shortcut article with an apostrophe followed by the States... ( FORTRAN ; NIOSH ) example: remember to use a period a period of! ) or acronyms ( POTUS or radar ) section of the week can vary in their.! Periods are required and the publication, however, the Modern Language Association ( MLA ) publishes journal. Proper noun are known by initialisms ; FBI, ATF, USAF,,! Know if you forgot the second r in irritable, and initialisms written. No longer think of as an acronym for in your paper U.S. or us ), Mr Green asked Grey. Abbreviate days or months ( unless you ’ ll find some of the days and months be... The abbreviation in subsequent references to the acronym in parenthesis million dollars or $ 2 million ( preferred )... Mri ( magnetic resonance imaging ) indefinite articles is to use a before consonant sounds and an before sounds. Word/Sentence next to the acronym can be made just by the United States Postal Service ( USPS ) American.

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