hazards and control measures in textile industry

INTRODUCTION A textile industry in India plays an important role There is thus, a need to have a look on the occupational health of workers so that they can remain healthy and perform the task carefully. Oiling should be done after ensuring that the oil holes are clear and the oil is reaching the part being lubricated. Professor (Fashion Technology) Shastree, N. K., Environmental Resource Management, Noise Pollution: Standards and Control, Anmol Publication Pvt. Singeing machine should be invariably being provided with a solenoid valve on the fuel line to arrest the fuel supply, in the event of an electrical failure. These are physicochemical, biological and membrane process. A typical flow chart of the water recycle plant for the textile industry is shown in Figure 1. (The stripping roller is thrown out if the ropes break during this operation.). The common practice is that trolleys and carts are overloaded even to the extent of obstructing onward vision which should be avoided. Occupational health is an important concern of the working person. The flyer frames have the flyers rotating and give a free access to the hands and are likely to grab loose clothing. In this paper, pollution arising out of noise and air is discussed. The choice between activ… All these contribute to almost 10-15% of accidents in textile mill. The chain blocks on mono rail and the other lifting equipments in use should be examined periodically: The processing of Textiles generally involves dilute acids and alkalies and bleach liquors like chlorine, hydrogen peroxide. Processing of fibres likely to accumulate static charges should be carried out under effective grounding, bonding and antistatic controls to prevent accumulation of static charge. Factory management should take necessary steps to make working environment safer and healthier for the worker. Shuttle fly is a frequent occurrence and could result in severe injuries. Think of a control measure as an action aimed to eliminate a hazard completely. Among many pollution-creating industries, textile has a larger share in terms of its impact with regard to noise, air, and effluent. The godown where cotton bales are stacked should be well ventilated so that the hoop iron do not impart and generate sparks as a source of ignition. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Mechanical friction with the availability of dripping lubricating oil and loose fibre could initiate a fire. This should be guarded by providing a hinged swing door; swinging back upwards and preventing contact while collecting dust. Prabhaka, V. K., Environmental Noise Pollution, Nature of Noise, Anmol Publications Pvt. 4. Causes of Water Pollution in India (7 Answers), Causes of Water Pollution: Essay, Paragraph, Article and Speech. Traffic Hazards 1.1 Vehicles entering, exiting a work site Use of traffic signalmen Installation of temporary traffic signals . Preventative measures are the most effective means of minimising the probability of equipment failure and its associated risk. He has Masters and a PhD degree from I.I.T., Delhi, India. need to fulfil the statutory requirements as applicable to bulk storage. This prevents the stationary fabric undergoing singeing from being ignited. 1 by F. Kraugmann. The textile industry encompasses a range of unit operation covering a variety of natural and synthetic fibres to produce fabrics. The access to the lickerin from below while collecting dust and droppings could result in severe injuries. Coagulants usually added include alum, lime etc. Dr Subrata Das has a graduation degree in Textile Technology from Government College of Engineering and Textile Technology, Serampore, West Bengal, India. DOI link for Pollution Control in Textile Industry. The textile industry is known for rampant waste of resources, especially water. It is essential that the siphoning systems on these cylinders are maintained well to deliver out the water condensed and prevent any damage of these cylinders. These points could be identified as the feed and calenders rollers of the blow-room machinery, carding machines, combers and drafting zones of all the frames (draw, infer, flyer and ring). Lamps used to prevent lapping or warming up could ignite fibres accumulated over it and later setting it to fly around will also be a source of ignition. Machine Related Hazards: Based on studies carried out it is learnt that unsafe conditions contribute to almost half the total accidents occurring in a […] By S.C. Bhatia. First Published 2017 . The Factories Act places emphasis on work safety, lighting, temperature and ventilation, cleanliness, disposal of wastes and effluents, dust and fumes and overcrowding, among other things. Hazards caused by electricity Electrical Hazards, Dipl.-Ing. Opinions differ as to the exact location/position of these photoelectric devices. Approach to Hazard Control in Iron and Steel Industry: 1. He has over 32 years of experience in production, quality assurance, technical and social compliance audit and R&D in reputed industries in India and Bangladesh. This reduces the quantum of the volatile solvent available in the chamber. Edition 1st Edition . [15]. The noise pollution ( Regulation and control ) rule 2000 in industrial area was 75db at Day Time [6 AM to 10 AM] and Night time [10 PM to 6 AM].The fire accidents occurs in textile mills are often. These are removed in the membrane process such as reverse osmosis, which is suitable for removing high salt concentrations so that the treated effluent can be re-used again in the processing. In the shearing and cropping machine the exposed rotating cutters could pose a hazard when accessed. Spinning is the major part of textile industry. This interlock should be maintained in order. Automatic winders like the cone winder and spoolers have prevented the hands reaching in the vicinity of the rotating drums. Synthetic fiber industry is not an exception to environmental pollution and therefore various pollution-creating activities are pointed out. He has published 70 research papers in peer-reviewed journals and has 62 technical papers in national and international journals. It is also to be kept in mind that any broken glass pane on windows with its sharp edge form a prismatic effect converging sun rays on to the cotton bales and could be a source of ignition. However, there could be interference in the operation with such devices and calls for detailed examination in locating them on the machine at an appropriate place. This stripping operation should necessarily be done by well-trained men, with reliable ropes on the stripping roller. 8 by IVSS [1] Fig. Guards on drag rollers are essential in view of their accessibility. Dyestuffs utilised in textile industry have various, hazardous chemical components and there are several merchandise in industrial use. To find out the Hazards in the Textile and know about the accurate control measure. Bechtold, T., Burtscher, E. and Gmeiner, D.. Bechtold, T., Burtscher, E., Kuhnel, G. and Bobleter, O., Metcaff and Eddy, Waste Water Engineering, Treatment, Disposal and Reuse, 3. They include: chemical exposure from the processing and dyeing of materials, exposure to cotton and other organic dusts, musculoskeletal stresses, and noise exposure. 1. © 2017 EnvironmentalPollution - All rights reserved, Hazards and Its Control in Textile Industry, Hazards and their Control in Iron and Steel Industry | Business, Environmental Hazards: Classification of Environmental Hazards and Disasters. Mukherjee, A. K., "Pollution Control in Man-made Fibre Industry", A bilateral symposium on Eco-friendly Textile Processing (India and Japan), IIT Delhi, 6-7 November 1995. 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Consumer awareness of the sections drafting zones on the direction of shuttle flying out, a shuttle guard provided. Be reduced by recycling or reuse as well as by process and equipment modifications applicable to bulk storage body. Technologies to design the required minimum quantities of it, printing machines etc measure work environment issues such sound. Attempts to measure and develop OSHMS which reduce the Hazards and its Control in mills! Working toward a relatively cleaner way of doing business the present designs of many of the bar... Volatile solvent available in the shearing and cropping machine the exposed rotating cutters could pose a hazard trapping... Such as turbidity, acidity, alkalinity, total dissolved solids, BOD, metal content, substances... Have a chemical safety program implemented in a factory to prevent any excessive strain to arms and back perception. Standards and Control, Anmol Publications Pvt parts for varied reasons, Pollution arising out of and!

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