PSN Leaderboard is an API giving webmasters access to trophy information, profiles, metadata, images and video for PlayStation Network games and gamers on the PS3, Vita and PlayStation 4. The memorial was unveiled on 22 September 1947, three years after the Red Army reached Tallinn on 22 September 1944 during World War II. Although uncommon, powers are sometimes abused which leads to police brutality, such as the 2007 Bronze Soldier riots. However, President Toomas Hendrik Ilves vetoed the law, arguing that it did not comply with the constitution of Estonia (the only legal basis for a presidential veto under Estonian constitution). Since 1903, a bronze war memorial dedicated to the soldiers of the Mexican-American, Spanish-American, and American-Indian wars had stood high on a stone pedestal in the Lone Fir cemetery in Portland. The mass deportations of ethnic Estonians during the Soviet era together with migration into Estonia from other parts of the Soviet Union had resulted in the share of ethnic Estonians in the country decreasing from 88% in 1934 to 62% in 1989. The Bronze Soldier monument replaced a preceding wooden memorial — a one-metre-high, wooden pyramid, about 20 cm in diameter, of a plain blue color crowned by a red star — that had been blown up on the night of 8 May 1946 by two Estonian teenagers. Most 20th-century battles on Estonian soil having been fought by Soviet (largely ethnically-Russian), German, Estonian armies and a formation of the Finnish volunteers under Estonian command, almost all war graves in Estonia not covered by mutual treaties or earlier domestic laws are those of the Red Army.  On June 12, 1940, the order for a total military blockade on Estonia was given to the Soviet Baltic Fleet. , On December 11, 2008, the trial of men charged with organising of the riots ended; most of the last day was spent on delivering a lengthy judgement. Unclaimed remains were reburied at the military cemetery, next to the relocated monument, on July 3, 2007.. The view that Estonia's annexation by the USSR was legitimate is advanced by the official statements of the Russian Federation, which claim that the USSR's presence in the Baltics was legal according to international law and that the Baltics could not be occupied because there was no declaration of war. Bronze Night is a name given to a series of riots which occurred in the Estonian city of Tallinn. The two girls, 14-year-old Aili Jürgenson and 15-year-old Ageeda Paavel destroyed it, in their own words, to avenge the Soviet destruction of war memorials to the Estonian War of Independence. As of the afternoon of April 30, the statue without the stone structure had been placed at the Defence Forces Cemetery of Tallinn.  A veto override was never attempted and this bill did not become law. 14 April 2013 by David Hart QC. Suspected Bronze Soldier riot organizers acquitted . — photos of protests and riots. In 2009, The Estonian government passed the law nicknamed "Bronze Night law", that reinforces the penalties and improves and refines the laws relating to the distribution of national secrets, actions against the state, actions of promoting against the state and encourage or participate in riots. 100 Hit the Streets of Tallinn To Mark Bronze Soldier Riots.  According to police report, goods stolen from some of the vandalised stores were found in pockets of Mr. Rioting and looting in a few towns of North East Estonia (mainly Jõhvi) with a Russian majority, were also reported. The Russian ambassador, having been invited to monitor the exhumation, or appoint an observer, officially declined the invitation. The Russian embassy and other former USSR states were asked to provide DNA samples for the identification of the buried bodies. The Bronze Night occurred from 26 to 29 April 2007, when riots broke out over the Bronze Soldier … A tense calm is reported in Estonia's capital, Tallinn, after two nights of clashes between ethnic Russians and police over a Soviet war monument. Statue of a soviet red army soldier, Tallinn. Originally intended as an official war memorial to Soviet soldiers who died fighting in World War II, an eternal flame was added in front of the monument in 1964. Smk's Tom Clancy's Ghost Recon Future Soldier™ Trophies  At the Tallinn Military Cemetery (where the Bronze Soldier was relocated in 2007) the graves of 240 Estonian soldiers from the Estonian War of Independence were reused by the Red Army. TALLINN - An Estonian Court has acquitted four men over their suspected role in organizing the Bronze Soldier riots that tore through Tallinn last year. This particular bronze … Once logged in, you can add biography in the database August 20, 2008 by willlasky. PSN Leaderboard is an API giving webmasters access to trophy information, profiles, metadata, images and video for PlayStation Network games and gamers on the PS3, Vita and PlayStation 4. Some commentators fear that Russia's insistence on pro-Soviet historical interpretations may signal an attempt to reclaim control over the "near abroad".  For the time of the construction work, the statue was temporarily moved to a nearby location on the cemetery.  The law eliminated the need to negotiate with the municipal government for war grave related business—specifically, exhumation of the buried bodies and, if the corpses would be found, relocation of the monument which would then be considered a grave marker. Wreckage of shops in Old Tallinn during the "bronze soldier" riots. The Bronze Soldier of Tallinn in its new location . The attacks have come in three waves: from April 27, when the Bronze Soldier riots erupted, peaking around May 3; then on May 8 and 9 - a couple … The monument was originally erected by Soviet authorities in Estonia to the liberators of Tallinn who entered the city on 22 September 1944.  (Soviet Army veterans celebrate Victory Day a day later, on May 9.) , The two-day visit by the Russian fact finding delegation was ostensibly set up to defuse a diplomatic dispute over the Bronze Soldier statue, but it only appeared to have escalated the feud. The statue's toppling was in response to violence in Charlottesville, Va. A protester kicks the toppled statue of a Confederate soldier after it was pulled down in Durham, N.C. Monday, Aug. 14, 2017.  In 2013, the same committee noted that it was "concerned at information that no prosecutions resulted from official applications to the Chancellor of Justice or the Public Prosecutor’s Office in relation to allegations of brutality and excessive use of force by law enforcement personnel during the events which took place in Tallinn in April 2007" (Para.  Most Estonians considered the Bronze Soldier a symbol of Soviet occupation and repression following World War II. Get short URL.  (See Demographics of Estonia.). IMDB The Bronze Night (Estonian: Pronksiöö), also known as the April Unrest and April Events refer to the riots and controversy surrounding the 2007 relocation of the Bronze Soldier of Tallinn, the Soviet World War II memorial in Tallinn, Estonia.  Among other activities, this translated into opposing and denouncing of high-level Russian politicians who supported civilised relocation of the Bronze Soldier. 23", "Concluding observations on the fifth periodic report of Estonia, adopted by the Committee at its fiftieth session (6–31 May 2013)", "Report to the Estonian Government on the visit to Estonia carried out by the European Committee for the Prevention of Torture and Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (CPT) from 9 to 18 May 2007 CPT/Inf (2011) 15 — § 18, 31", QTVR fullscreen panoramas near Bronze Soldier Monument, Pictures of looters on the homepage of the Estonian Police, Protest against the removal of the monument, A timeline of events as reported in Russian state media, Letter of Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov to Germany and Finland about the shift of the statue, An article depicting the views of the monument opponents, The Independent: 'Don't let Russia bully the Baltics', Government compensates owners for damage caused by vandals, Estonian Review / Eesti Ringvaade, Volume 17 No April 16–17, 18, 2007 – May 2, 2007, Common grave for and a memorial to Red Army soldiers on Tõnismägi, Tallinn (PDF file), Russia’s Involvement in the Tallinn Disturbances, Sovereignty Declaration of the Estonian SSR, Act of the Re-Establishment of the State of Lithuania, On the Restoration of Independence of the Republic of Latvia, Soviet OMON assaults on Lithuanian border posts, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Bronze_Night&oldid=994439390, European Court of Human Rights cases involving Estonia, Articles with Russian-language sources (ru), Articles with dead external links from April 2012, Articles with Finnish-language sources (fi), Articles with Estonian-language sources (et), Articles with dead external links from July 2018, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with dead external links from July 2017, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Estonian-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2009, All articles that may contain original research, Articles that may contain original research from September 2007, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Reaction of ethnic Russian population to Soviet war memorial relocation, Widespread rioting, looting, assault, arson, protests, property damage, War memorial relocated to Defence Forces Cemetery of Tallinn, This page was last edited on 15 December 2020, at 19:00. I recently completed one of the first domestically published MA theses on the Bronze Soldier riots, which took place in Tallinn, April 2007. 156 were injured, including some two dozen police officers, and numerous stores, offices and homes were damaged. It was originally named "Monument to the Liberators of Tallinn" (Estonian: Tallinna vabastajate monument, Russian: Монумент освободителям Таллина, Monument osvoboditeljam Tallina), was later titled to its current official name "Monument to the Fallen in the Second World War", and is sometimes called Alyosha, or Tõnismäe monument after its old location. by calling for Estonia's government to resign).  There were concerns, mostly in foreign media, that the protest could have escalated into an ethnic conflict between Estonians and members of the ethnic Russian minority.  Several meetings in protest of the removal were held. The prototype for the face and figure of the statue is not known. On 25 September 1944, the remains of two Soviet soldiers were buried in the centre of the Tõnismägi hill, with additional remains of Soviet soldiers reburied there in April 1945. Protests in downtown Tallinn after police cordoned off the streets around the memorial, driving protesters toward the city centre. Aftermath of the Bronze Night refers to the reactions and consequences of the Bronze Night, the controversy and riots in Estonia surrounding the 2007 relocation of the Bronze Soldier of Tallinn, the Soviet World War II memorial in Tallinn. To preserve public order and out of security concerns, the police helped the group to leave the area, along with their Estonian flag, and let the veterans' meeting with the Soviet symbols continue. The delegation members also closely examined the figure and claimed that it had been cut in pieces and reassembled.  However, the crowd did not disperse and started committing acts of vandalism and rampant looting of nearby shops and buildings.  A military attaché of the Russian embassy, Aleksandr Trojan, was reported as observing the event from the crowd. During June 2007 the stone structure was rebuilt.  Elections were organized in which only Soviet-supported candidates were permitted to run. Dmitry Ganin (a permanent resident of Estonia who had Russian citizenship) died in hospital from a stab wound. , According to the article in Eesti Päevaleht, in Russia special services encouraged media to discuss the Bronze Soldier often and in a particularly emotional way, as a way of influencing political opinion. Riot police fired rubber bullets in a clash with hundreds of protesters in Estonia's capital Friday, as a second night of unrest broke out over the government's removal of a Soviet war monument. Ethnic Russians who live in Estonia disagreed. , In 2011, the Committee for the Prevention of Torture (Council of Europe) has published its report on its 2007 visit to Estonia, stating that many of the persons detained by the police in connection with the April 2007 events in Tallinn were not granted all the fundamental safeguards (the right of those concerned to inform a close relative or another third party of their choice of their situation, the right of access to a lawyer, and the right of access to a doctor) from the outset of their detention: while many of the persons concerned were allowed to contact someone and to be assisted by a lawyer only when brought before a judge, a number of detained persons claimed that their requests to see a doctor whilst in police custody had been denied, even when they displayed visible injuries.  At the same time, the monument has significant symbolic value to Estonia's large ethnic Russian community, symbolising not only Soviet victory over Nazi Germany in World War II, but also their claim to equal rights in Estonia. History of Estonia: Regaining independence, Estonia-Russia relations § Human rights concerns, Estonia-Russia relations § Language and citizenship issues, One killed in clashes over World War monument in Estonia, Clashes over World War II monument in Estonia continue, Estonian Orthodox Church of Moscow Patriarchate, Article 3 of the European Convention on Human Rights, "The "Bronze Night" cost Estonia over 4mn euro", "The parliamentary elections in Estonia, March 2007", "Pronkssõdur avati taas rahvale vaatamiseks", "Valitsus asetas vaikuses pronksõdurile pärja", "Tõnismäelt välja kaevatud punaväelased maeti kaitseväe kalmistule", "Estland begravde sovjetsoldater på nytt", The destruction of cemeteries by Robert Nerman, the destruction of Tallinn Military Cemetery by Pekka Erelt, "Defence Forces Cemetery, Tallinn, Estonia - SpottingHistory.com", The Forty-Third Session of the UN Sub-Commission, Estonia says Soviet occupation justifies it staying away from Moscow celebrations – Pravda.Ru, European Court of Human Rights cases on Occupation of Baltic States, Motion for a resolution on the Situation in Estonia, U.S.-Baltic Relations: Celebrating 85 Years of Friendship, "Text of Penart ruling on the site of the ECHR", Комментарий Департамента информации и печати МИД России в связи с высказываниями ряда европейских политиков относительно "оккупации" стран Балтии Советским Союзом и необходимости осуждения этого со стороны России, "Estonia is Encouraging a Resurgence of Nazism in Europe", "Europe must assess neo-Nazism in Estonia – Kokoshin", "State Duma condemns Estonia's 'glorification' of fascism, wants world to 'adequately' assess it", "Estonia blames memorial violence on Russia", День Победы без победителя: Таллин бросил вызов истории, "Politsei hoidis pronkssõduri juures ära kähmluse", "Jüri Liim: 9. mail ei ole pronkssõduri juures punalippe", "Jüri Liim lubab Pronkssõduri õhku lasta", "May 9 protesters call for removing Bronze Soldier statue", "Paavo Kangur: eskiis gaasikambri joonisega on valmimas", "Estonian prime minister: Drunken looters are buried under the Bronze Soldier Monument", "The Riigikogu passed the War Graves Protection Act", Ansip ei välista pronkssõduri saatuse otsustamist riigikogus, "Ilves ei kuuluta keelatud rajatise seadust välja", "President jättis keelatud rajatise kõrvaldamise seaduse välja kuulutamata", "Eestlased teisaldaks pronkssõduri, venelased mitte", Kaitsepolitsei aastaraamat: Vene luure tegi mullu Eestis usinalt tööd, "Eesti Päevaleht: Politsei pidi Tõnismäel jõudu kasutama", "Estonian Authorities Start Removal of Major Soviet Monument", Estonian Authorities Start Removal of Major Soviet Monument, Pronkssõdur on Tallinna kesklinnast ära viidud, "Delfi: märatsemine mõnitab sõdurivaprust", "Government Communication Office Briefing Room – The war grave in central Tallinn", AFP: Estonia to re-house Soviet war statue by May 8, "Ireland.com: Estonia to relocate Red Army statue". The Council of Europe has acknowledged that Estonian authorities violated human rights while dispersing defenders of the bronze soldier monument in Tallinn in 2007.  The Bronze Night (Estonian: Pronksiöö or Pronksöö), also known as the April Unrest (Aprillirahutused) and April Events (Aprillisündmused) refer to the controversy and riots in Estonia surrounding the 2007 relocation of the Bronze Soldier of Tallinn, the Soviet World War II memorial in Tallinn.. Politsei viib meeleavaldajaid bussidega minema, Öine märul: üks surnu, 44 vigastatut, 99 lõhkumisjuhtu ja 300 kinnipeetut, Kõik Ganini peksmises kahtlustatavad vabanesid, Москва обеспокоена отсутствием результатов по делу Ганина, Rahutustes pussitatud Dmitri rüüstas poode, Tallinna linnavalitsus keelas rahutuste tõttu alkoholi müügi, Tallinnan kiistelty patsas siirretty — mellakoissa yksi kuolonuhri ja kymmeniä loukkaantuneita, Reuters: Estonia calm after Red Army site riots, Заявление отряда Армии Русского Сопротивления "Колывань" (Эстония), "Vähemusrahvaste esindus mõistab vandaalitsemise hukka - Eesti Päevaleht Online", Российские парламентарии призвали эстонский парламент дать оценку деятельности правительства республики, Riigiduuma esindajate hinnangul on pronkssõdurit tükkideks lõigatud, Kaitseministeerium: pronkssõdurit pole tükeldatud ega vigastatud, EU promises to help end siege at Estonian mission in Moscow, Government Briefing Room – April 26 Press Meeting Transcript, Äsjasele pronkssõduri platsile tuleb lilleväljaku asemel püsiv haljasala, Esimene Tõnismäelt leitud põrm anti omastele, Video: Vene saadik kalmistul pärga asetamas, Pronkssõduri tagasitoomise taotlus jäi lõplikult rahuldamata, Statement to the Harju Criminal Court on the criminal prosecution of Dmitry Linter, Dmitry Klenski, Maksim Reva and Mark Siryik, Pronksöö ninamehed lasid Harju maakohtus auru välja, Pronksöö korraldamises süüdistatavad mõisteti õigeks, Legal Information Centre for Human Rights, Riigiprokuratuur: aprillirahutuste süüasja uurimine oli kvaliteetne, "Conclusions and recommendations of the Committee against Torture CAT/C/EST/CO/4 — See para. , such as the 2007 Bronze Soldier relocation ( that happened on April 26, 2008 - the of! 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