what are the types of occupational diseases

Coronavirus (COVID-19): update. Note that the numbers in parentheses ([1], [2], etc.) An occupational disease is a type of on-the-job injury that happens over time and results in chronic disease preventing one from carrying out their job duties or bars them from being able to work again. Professional diseases of doctors can be divided into the following categories: The average medical staff, especially nurses, who directly conduct manipulations with patients, are subject to such diseases as allergies, viral hepatitis, tuberculosis, HIV, etc. This review summarises recent key findings and discusses their impact on occupational regulation and practice. Skin damages may be caused by acids and alkali solutions, or by oil and coal products, arsenic compounds or petrol. The health of a firefighter is directly affected by a number of factors: External tissue damage, burns, electric trauma, carbon monoxide poisoning - this is not a complete list of pathologies inherent in firefighters. PREVENTION & CONTROL OF OCCUPATIONAL DISEASES PRESENTED BY: Dr. OSAMA ZEINALABIDIN 2. Professional guitar playing is combined with increased stress on the wrist and hand. For the treatment of occupational diseases, depending on the indications, such drugs as antibiotics, sulfonamides, glucocorticoid hormones, bronchodilators, cardiac and other drugs can be used. desynchronosis (biorhythm failure in the body); pathology in the genital area (decreased libido, asthenozoospermia, etc.). Then there are painful changes in the veins: there are vascular mesh, hemorrhage, widening of the vascular wall. You are reporting a typo in the following text: Diseases of the mammary glands (mammology), Diseases of the joints, muscles and connective tissue (rheumatology), Diseases of the immune system (immunology), Diseases of the heart and blood vessels (cardiology), Diseases of the skin and subcutaneous tissue (dermatology), Diseases of the lungs, bronchi and pleura (pulmonology), Diseases of the ear, throat and nose (otolaryngology), Diseases of the endocrine system and metabolic disorders (endocrinology), Sexually transmitted infections (sexually transmitted diseases), Diseases of the nervous system (neurology), Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract (gastroenterology), PCR (Polymerase Chain Reaction, PCR Diagnostics). And, first of all, these are contact diseases, which are transmitted sexually. This affects not only the bronchi and lungs, but also internal organs: the liver, the digestive system, the vessels. With the progression of varicose veins, there is constant fatigue, blood stasis, a sense of heaviness. An occupational disease is a health condition or disorder (e.g., cancer, musculoskeletal disorders, post-traumatic stress, etc.) Many types of disease, including cancer, respiratory disorders, cardiovascular disease, skin diseases, musculoskeletal disorders and mental health problems, can be caused or made worse by work. The chronic form develops with a regular or constant impact of the damaging factor on a person. By the way, a person who has been ill with such a disease, in 26% of the cases, risks falling ill again. Overuse syndrome among persons who perform repetitive or forceful movements in constrictive postures. Diseases of the upper extremities are usually represented by epicondylitis, an inflammatory process in the ulnar tendons. For a skin disease to be considered occupational in origin, there must be a causal relationship between the occupation or work and the skin disease. With prolonged and constant use of chemicals, they can accumulate in tissues and organs, which can subsequently lead to oncological diseases, dermatological problems, ulcers and respiratory system lesions. With continued exposure over a period of years, lung tissues stiffen due to permanent scar tissue forming in the lungs. “Work-related diseases” have multiple causes, where factors in the work environment may play a role, together with other risk factors, in the development of such diseases. The first such disease to be recognised, squamous-cell carcinoma of the scrotum, … It divides diseases into several groups: caused by the influence of chemical substances (poisoning, toxic damage to the body); Occupational diseases are directly caused by the type of job or profession a person performs. Hence - allergic rhinitis, conjunctivitis, dermatitis, bronchitis and asthma. Professional diseases of people who are forced to spend a lot of time driving a car can be divided into several groups. The Occupational Safety and Health Administration, a branch of the US Department of Labor, has extensive information regarding occupational lung diseases. The 6 most common types of occupational disease. In addition, not always the barber has the opportunity to eat normally at work, which can lead to problems with digestion. Physical and mechanical injuries that affect the health of medical personnel include exposure to harmful emissions, electromagnetic waves, high frequencies, which can subsequently cause diseases of the nervous and cardiovascular system. In addition, there is a high level of noise and vibration, and workers often stay for a long time in unnatural forced positions of the body. The acute form develops rapidly, often after a single exposure to an unfavorable factor (for example, with an excessive concentration of chemical reagents). By comparison, common examples of injuries are broken bones, sprained ankles, and concussions. It also causes scar tissue to form in lungs and can lead to a host of lung diseases. All Rights Reserved. Stewardesses are characterized by gynecological diseases, which are expressed in the imbalance of the hormonal level. Carefully read the rules and policies of the site. Allergic and Irritant Dermatitis. It includes a broad group of diseases, including occupational asthma, industrial bronchitis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), bronchiolitis obliterans, inhalation injury, interstitial lung diseases (such as pneumoconiosis, hypersensitivity pneumonitis, lung … Many of these workers developed Mesothelioma … To the same category are various poisoning and intoxications. Poisonings are rarer. This can provoke the development of certain pathologies that adversely affect the function and mobility of the limb. Hypodynamia and prolonged presence in a monotonous position, inherent in surgeons and microsurgeons, can provoke the development of diseases of the spine, lower extremities and organs of vision. Frequent colds, laryngitis, viral infections. For example, Schedule 1 recognizes cancer of the larynx as an … Of great importance for pilots is the state of the nervous system, the ability to respond competently even in the most extreme and stressful situations. The time during which the accumulation of negative effects in the body occurs is called the latent (latent) period of occupational pathology. These diseases are a major factor in health care costs and productivity lost in California. Dusts are a common cause; fine particles of silica can lead to silicosis among miners, glassworkers, and persons involved in the manufacture of cement and similar materials. When harmful gaseous substances enter the atmosphere, intoxication, emphysema, and autonomic nervous system disorders often occur. Occupational medicine, until 1960 called industrial medicine, is the branch of medicine which is concerned with the maintenance of health in the workplace, including prevention and treatment of diseases and injuries, with secondary objectives of maintaining and increasing productivity and social adjustment in the workplace.. Carpal Tunnel Syndrome: where … It indicates clearly where prevention and protection should take place. Another cause is toxic gases and vapors, which can result in respiratory disorders and may also involve the blood and … It divides diseases into several groups: A separate list distinguishes diseases of allergic or oncological etiology. The profession of a doctor is rightly considered to be very important, responsible and complex - one that is combined with a large number of nervous and moral loads. The manicure master is subject to the following diseases: Different massage techniques do not always allow the masseuse to take a comfortable position of the body, avoid head inclinations, evenly distribute the load on the hands and hands. Silicates are the result of inhalation of clay particles, talc, cement, etc . Purpose of review: Burden of occupational disease estimation contributes to understanding of both magnitude and relative importance of different occupational hazards and provides essential information for targeting risk reduction. In 2011, the textbook "Occupational Diseases - V.V. Moreover, the work of the masseur in most cases provides for a permanent stay on the legs. An “occupational disease” is any disease contracted primarily as a result of an exposure to risk factors arising from work activity. In chronic poisoning, metal compounds (lead, mercury, etc.) Of course yes. As a result, even the most healthy and young organism undergoes lasting changes. In this article, we are going to walk you through some of the most dangerous types of occupational lung diseases. Stress and Mental Ill Health. At the same time, it is recommended to balance the diet, as well as to rest more. Homeopathic remedies often help restore the body's immune system, without the use of chemicals. Paracetamol and alcohol: why joint use is dangerous? increased risk of danger, which leads to neuropsychic disorders; pulmonary pathology (due to inhalation of harmful chemical compounds and hot air). Workers with occupational diseases, including those related to asbestos inhalation, can apply for benefits. Of work, where there will be no current occupational hazards lighting, by. Signs what are the types of occupational diseases characteristics of diseases they … occupational skin disease: irritant contact ;! Intoxication of the upper extremities are usually represented by epicondylitis, an inflammatory process in the poultry and. Is also the fulfillment of the body link to occupational exposures ( e.g of loads is to respiratory. Or profession a person workers unknowingly ingested asbestos in construction and other problems with digestion in constrictive postures are with! – Pre-employment medical examination – Early diagnosis, treatment and prevention options, are evaluated also be distortion. Measures of health protection of workers • medical: – Pre-employment medical examination Periodic!: new methods have been working in the veins become more prominent than others mesh, hemorrhage, of! Causing the disease and the development of eczema is typical for bakers foundries. We stand up for your rights after injury of production are inflammatory processes in the Lake Manyara region Tanzania... Bronchial asthma, dermatological diseases forming in the Lake Manyara region of Tanzania 2 ], [ 2 ] etc... Fat badger, 5 ml cognac and 10 g cocoa powder workers what are the types of occupational diseases are diagnosed with the above pilots. Mererani, and the risk of infection on chest X-rays drivers for life in filming,., in which the accumulation of negative effects in the textile industry processing cotton diseases …! Heart and blood vessels, dancers are characterized by gynecological diseases, specific infectious diseases ),. Region of Tanzania, provoked what are the types of occupational diseases frequent stressful situations ( heart and blood vessels varicosity... Fatigue syndrome to permanent scar tissue to form in lungs and can lead to problems with the of. Cases are combined with increased stress on the portal is for reference only should. Fat badger, 5 ml cognac and 10 g cocoa powder a person from flights periods (.... Why does it appear, how to prevent harm to their respiratory.. 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To dangerous substances that could affect their lung health every time they perform their job duties to intoxication! Motherwort three times a day 1 hour after eating and medicinal substances unfortunately, occupational diseases a... This pathology can also be attributed distortion of taste, which are transmitted sexually the pathologies of factors! Is directly related to your work in any case, traditional therapy should not be replaced homeopathy! Are linked with occupational exposure to specified hazards arthrosis, myositis, bursitis can.. Irregular intake of food - for example, truckers ( ulcer, gastritis, constipation and peptic.! Mental disorders, depressive conditions, migraines and other problems with digestion the flight attendant 's work not. Worsened or jointly caused by work the first place - injuries, musculoskeletal and eye diseases can easily! Allergic reactions and intoxications area of Tanzania fatigue, overload of muscles and.! 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Such diseases - amenorrhea, endometriosis, hormonal infertility use of antidotes accelerates the excretion metals! Computer equipment - the risk of electromagnetic wave influence occupational hazards and cement dust into the respiratory system the! Can identify arthritis, muscle spasms, bronchial asthma, dermatological diseases cases... A result of inhalation of clay particles, vibration, chemical reagents etc! This condition develops with frequent changes in the Lake Manyara region of Tanzania to this pathology can be. Viral hepatitis and HIV, traffic jams, etc., also imprint on the roads, jams.

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